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Project History


  • Enterprise Rhaptos introduced for running Connexions software and growing the developer community
  • Mobile versions (EPUB) of content introduced
  • Express edit for reusing content and drag and drop collection (book) editor
  • Over 1000 collections and 17,000 modules in the repository


  • Connexions Consortium formed
  • Lens-based branding and document format upgrades (CNXML and CollXML), Google Analytics support added


  • Connexions 1st Annual Conference in February of 2008
  • Connexions fully automated book generation and print-on-demand introduced
  • More import capability added for Word and LaTeX
  • Development manager, Ed Woodward, joins Connexions



  • Usability expert Manpreet Kaur joins Connexions
  • Project Manager/Technical Director Katherine Fletcher joins Connexions
  • Connexions receives 3rd Hewlett foundation award


  • Rhaptos 1.5 software released. Rhaptos is the code name for the software developed and used by Connexions
  • Authors can import Microsoft Word documents directly into Connexions with the Word Importer
  • Edit-In-Place capabilities are expanded and it becomes the default editor in workspaces and workgroups
  • W. Joseph (Joey) King joins the Connexions team as its Executive Director
  • Beta launch: each version of module now has its own "discussion forum" allowing online discussions among users
  • Connexions adopts the 2.0 version of the Creative Commons Attribution License
  • Connexions has content in Chinese, English, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Spanish, and Thai languages
  • 2800 modules in repository



  • Connexions goes global as Information and Signal Theory from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology becomes the first international course to use Connexions
  • New Edit-In-Place technology announced, making it easier for authors to edit Connexions modules
  • 1600 modules in repository


  • Geneva Henry joins Connexions as first Executive Director
  • DSP Laboratory at University of Illinois becomes the first non-Rice course offered using Connexions
  • Connexions releases "ZAnnot", the first piece of system to be released Open-Source: Zope implementation of Annotea protocol
  • Kitty Schmidt-Jones and Anthony Brandt start Connexions' second major content focus around music materials
  • Hewlett Foundation awards Connexions first major grant
  • Connexions becomes one of the first Creative Commons license adopters
  • 900 modules in repository


  • Premiere of Connexions "web-based authoring interface"
  • Connexions hosts workshop to form collaborative authoring community around Digital Signal Processing content
  • Michael Stewart joins advisory council and contributes funding
  • 500 modules in repository


  • Dean Sidney Burrus and Chuck Henry contribute first support
  • Bill Sick, Bob Maxfield, Burt McMurtry get involved as advisory council members and key funders
  • Rice President Malcolm Gillis and Provost Gene Levy contribute
  • First team of summer students develop software and content
  • First Connexions implementation goes live
  • Rice University Electrical Engineering courses Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering and Introduction to Physical Electronics become the first courses offered with Connexions
  • 200 modules in repository


  • October: Connexions is born! Early on it's called the Secret Web Initiative
  • Many planning discussions. First faculty involved: Richard Baraniuk, Don Johnson, Bill Wilson, and Sidney Burrus. Don Johnson suggests the name “Connexions”
  • Skunk works project; Brent Hendricks and Yan David Erlich drive technical decision to go with XML and MathML
  • Richard Baraniuk presents Connexions at the first Rice Alliance meeting