OpenStax CNX

You are here: Home » Content » Systems in the Time-Domain

About: Systems in the Time-Domain

Module by: Don Johnson. E-mail the author

View the content: Systems in the Time-Domain


Name: Systems in the Time-Domain
ID: m0508
Language: English (en)
Summary: Discrete-time systems allow for mathematically specified processes like the difference equation.
Subject: Science and Technology
Keywords: difference equation, shift-invariant, superposition
Document Type: -//CNX//DTD CNXML 0.5 plus MathML//EN
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 1.0

Authors: Don Johnson (
Copyright Holders: Don Johnson (
Maintainers: Prashant Singh (, Richard Baraniuk (, Mariyah Poonawala (

Latest version: 2.7 (history)
First publication date: Jul 21, 2000 12:00 am -0500
Last revision to module: Sep 2, 2004 7:21 pm -0500


PDF: m0508_2.7.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m0508_2.7.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 2.7 Sep 2, 2004 7:21 pm -0500 by Charlet Reedstrom
updated to cnxml-0.5, changed markup of hellip

Version: 2.6 Jul 24, 2003 11:00 am -0500 by Mariyah Poonawala
add maintainer

Version: 2.5 Jul 9, 2003 2:05 pm -0500 by Charlet Reedstrom

Version: 2.4 Sep 17, 2002 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Updated to 0.4.

Version: 2.3 Apr 17, 2002 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Audited by Erin Maloney on April 17, 2002 for best practices.

Version: 2.2 Sep 11, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by Brent Hendricks
Converted to CNXML 0.3.5

Version: 2.1 May 31, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
removed the math tags from the note tag, but this should be possible to leave in in later versions.

Version: 2.0 Aug 9, 2000 12:00 am -0500 by Brent Hendricks
Bumped version to 2.0

How to Reuse and Attribute This Content

If you derive a copy of this content using a OpenStax-CNX account and publish your version, proper attribution of the original work will be automatically done for you.

If you reuse this work elsewhere, in order to comply with the attribution requirements of the license (CC-BY 1.0), you must include

  • the authors' names: Don Johnson
  • the title of the work: Systems in the Time-Domain
  • the OpenStax-CNX URL where the work can be found:

See the citation section below for examples you can copy.

How to Cite and Attribute This Content

The following citation styles comply with the attribution requirements for the license (CC-BY 1.0) of this work:

American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Johnson, D. Systems in the Time-Domain, OpenStax-CNX Web site., Sep 2, 2004.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Johnson D. Systems in the Time-Domain [OpenStax-CNX Web site]. September 2, 2004. Available at:

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Johnson, D. (2004, September 2). Systems in the Time-Domain. Retrieved from the OpenStax-CNX Web site:

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Johnson, Don. "Systems in the Time-Domain." OpenStax-CNX. September 2, 2004.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Don Johnson, "Systems in the Time-Domain," OpenStax-CNX, September 2, 2004,

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Johnson, D. 2004. Systems in the Time-Domain. OpenStax-CNX, September 2, 2004.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Johnson, Don. Systems in the Time-Domain. OpenStax-CNX. 2 Sep. 2004 <>.