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About: The Q-function

Module by: Clayton Scott, Robert Nowak. E-mail the authors

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Name: The Q-function
ID: m11537
Language: English (en)
Subject: Mathematics and Statistics, Science and Technology
Keywords: complementary cumulative distribution function
Document Type: -//CNX//DTD CNXML 0.5 plus MathML//EN
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 1.0

Authors: Clayton Scott (, Robert Nowak (
Copyright Holders: Clayton Scott (, Robert Nowak (
Maintainers: Clayton Scott (, Robert Nowak (, Elizabeth Gregory (, Jeffrey Silverman (

Latest version: 1.2 (history)
First publication date: Aug 1, 2003 10:55 am +0000
Last revision to module: Aug 7, 2003 2:58 pm +0000


PDF: m11537_1.2.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m11537_1.2.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.
Source Export ZIP: ZIP containing the module XML plus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 1.2 Aug 7, 2003 2:58 pm +0000 by Jeffrey Silverman
Changed some MathML and presentation for Clay.

Version: 1.1 Aug 1, 2003 11:41 am +0000 by Jeffrey Silverman
First Version.

How to Reuse and Attribute This Content

If you derive a copy of this content using a OpenStax-CNX account and publish your version, proper attribution of the original work will be automatically done for you.

If you reuse this work elsewhere, in order to comply with the attribution requirements of the license (CC-BY 1.0), you must include

  • the authors' names: Clayton Scott, Robert Nowak
  • the title of the work: The Q-function
  • the OpenStax-CNX URL where the work can be found:

See the citation section below for examples you can copy.

How to Cite and Attribute This Content

The following citation styles comply with the attribution requirements for the license (CC-BY 1.0) of this work:

American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Scott, C.; Nowak, R. The Q-function, OpenStax-CNX Web site., Aug 7, 2003.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Scott C, Nowak R. The Q-function [OpenStax-CNX Web site]. August 7, 2003. Available at:

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Scott, C., & Nowak, R. (2003, August 7). The Q-function. Retrieved from the OpenStax-CNX Web site:

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Scott, Clayton, and Robert Nowak. "The Q-function." OpenStax-CNX. August 7, 2003.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Clayton Scott and Robert Nowak, "The Q-function," OpenStax-CNX, August 7, 2003,

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Scott, C., & Nowak, R. 2003. The Q-function. OpenStax-CNX, August 7, 2003.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Scott, Clayton, and Robert Nowak. The Q-function. OpenStax-CNX. 7 Aug. 2003 <>.