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About: Articulation

Module by: Catherine Schmidt-Jones. E-mail the author

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Name: Articulation
ID: m11884
Language: English (en)
Summary: An introduction to the most common musical articulation markings.
Subject: Arts
Keywords: accents, articulation, legato, marcato, portamento, slurred notes, staccato, tied notes
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0

Authors: Catherine Schmidt-Jones (
Copyright Holders: Catherine Schmidt-Jones (
Maintainers: Catherine Schmidt-Jones (

Latest version: 1.8 (history)
First publication date: Mar 29, 2004 1:37 pm -0600
Last revision to module: Mar 11, 2011 7:51 pm -0600


PDF: m11884_1.8.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m11884_1.8.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 1.9 Jan 18, 2013 12:55 pm -0600 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
updated links

Version: 1.8 Mar 11, 2011 7:51 pm -0600 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones Currently viewing this version.
removed from survey

Version: 1.7 Apr 12, 2010 8:53 pm -0500 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
linked to survey

Version: 1.6 Jan 5, 2010 7:08 pm -0600 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
Added Google analytics code

Version: 1.5 Mar 7, 2007 10:46 am -0600 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
added outline svg and eps files

Version: 1.4 Dec 20, 2006 11:44 am -0600 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
added explanation of scoops and fall-offs

Version: 1.3 Sep 26, 2006 3:46 pm -0500 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
Added link to violin terminology

Version: 1.2 Sep 22, 2006 4:23 pm -0500 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
Added sound files, paragraph on portamento, and expanded opening explanation to two sections

Version: 1.1 Mar 31, 2004 11:59 am -0600 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
new module

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American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Schmidt-Jones, C. Articulation, OpenStax-CNX Web site., Mar 11, 2011.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Schmidt-Jones C. Articulation [OpenStax-CNX Web site]. March 11, 2011. Available at:

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Schmidt-Jones, C. (2011, March 11). Articulation. Retrieved from the OpenStax-CNX Web site:

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Schmidt-Jones, Catherine. "Articulation." OpenStax-CNX. March 11, 2011.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Catherine Schmidt-Jones, "Articulation," OpenStax-CNX, March 11, 2011,

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Schmidt-Jones, C. 2011. Articulation. OpenStax-CNX, March 11, 2011.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Schmidt-Jones, Catherine. Articulation. OpenStax-CNX. 11 Mar. 2011 <>.