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About: Classifying Musical Instruments

Module by: Catherine Schmidt-Jones. E-mail the author

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Name: Classifying Musical Instruments
ID: m11896
Language: English (en)
Summary: An introduction to a classification system for all musical isntruments.
Subject: Arts
Keywords: aerophones, brass instruments, chordophones, drums, electrophones, idiophones, keyboard instruments, membranophones, musical instruments, percussion, string instruments, strings, winds, woodwinds
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0

Authors: Catherine Schmidt-Jones (
Copyright Holders: Catherine Schmidt-Jones (
Maintainers: Catherine Schmidt-Jones (

Latest version: 1.7 (history)
First publication date: Apr 7, 2004 2:09 pm +0000
Last revision to module: Jan 19, 2012 3:28 pm +0000


PDF: m11896_1.7.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m11896_1.7.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 1.9 Feb 15, 2013 7:12 pm +0000 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
took down call for research study participants

Version: 1.8 Jan 18, 2013 6:23 am +0000 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
added call for research study participants

Version: 1.7 Jan 19, 2012 3:28 pm +0000 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones Currently viewing this version.
Labelled opening paragraphs as introduction and added some links, including to a Romanian translation of the module.

Version: 1.6 Oct 11, 2004 9:38 am +0000 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
Added acknowledgements section.

Version: 1.5 Sep 27, 2004 11:08 am +0000 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
Added "chordphone types" figure

Version: 1.4 Jun 15, 2004 9:57 am +0000 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
Added more illustrations

Version: 1.3 Jun 8, 2004 8:51 am +0000 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
Improved images

Version: 1.2 Apr 16, 2004 2:11 pm +0000 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
Published orchestral classification separately, added figures, rewrote electrophones, and corrected typos.

Version: 1.1 Apr 15, 2004 11:02 am +0000 by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
new module

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American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Schmidt-Jones, C. Classifying Musical Instruments, OpenStax-CNX Web site., Jan 19, 2012.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Schmidt-Jones C. Classifying Musical Instruments [OpenStax-CNX Web site]. January 19, 2012. Available at:

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Schmidt-Jones, C. (2012, January 19). Classifying Musical Instruments. Retrieved from the OpenStax-CNX Web site:

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Schmidt-Jones, Catherine. "Classifying Musical Instruments." OpenStax-CNX. January 19, 2012.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Catherine Schmidt-Jones, "Classifying Musical Instruments," OpenStax-CNX, January 19, 2012,

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Schmidt-Jones, C. 2012. Classifying Musical Instruments. OpenStax-CNX, January 19, 2012.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Schmidt-Jones, Catherine. Classifying Musical Instruments. OpenStax-CNX. 19 Jan. 2012 <>.