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Filter Structures

Module by: Douglas L. Jones. E-mail the author

Summary: Filter structures describe the computational sequence and data flow of a digital filter implementation.

A realizable filter must require only a finite number of computations per output sample. For linear, causal, time-Invariant filters, this restricts one to rational transfer functions of the form Hz= b 0 + b 1 z-1++ b m zm1+ a 1 z-1+ a 2 z-2++ a n zn H z b 0 b 1 z b m z m 1 a 1 z a 2 z -2 a n z n Assuming no pole-zero cancellations, Hz H z is FIR if a i =0  ,   i>0    i i 0 a i 0 , and IIR otherwise. Filter structures usually implement rational transfer functions as difference equations.

Whether FIR or IIR, a given transfer function can be implemented with many different filter structures. With infinite-precision data, coefficients, and arithmetic, all filter structures implementing the same transfer function produce the same output. However, different filter strucures may produce very different errors with quantized data and finite-precision or fixed-point arithmetic. The computational expense and memory usage may also differ greatly. Knowledge of different filter structures allows DSP engineers to trade off these factors to create the best implementation.

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Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

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Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

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Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

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| External bookmarks