OpenStax CNX

You are here: Home » Content » Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms

About: Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms

Module by: John S. Hutchinson. E-mail the author

View the content: Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms


Name: Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms
ID: m12451
Language: English (en)
Subject: Science and Technology
Keywords: confinement energy, electron orbital, energy levels, orbital, photoionization, photons, probability distribution, quantum number, spectrum, subshells, threshold frequency, uncertainty principle, wave function
Document Type: -//CNX//DTD CNXML 0.5 plus MathML//EN
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 1.0

Authors: John S. Hutchinson (
Copyright Holders: John S. Hutchinson (
Maintainers: John S. Hutchinson (, Jeffrey Silverman (

Latest version: 1.2 (history)
First publication date: Nov 18, 2004 12:54 pm -0600
Last revision to module: Jan 4, 2005 7:17 pm -0600


PDF: m12451_1.2.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m12451_1.2.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 1.2 Jan 4, 2005 7:17 pm -0600 by Jeffrey Silverman
Fixed a table, used exponential notation in four instances, and fixed a Greek letter.

Version: 1.1 Dec 2, 2004 3:11 am -0600 by Jeffrey Silverman
First version. The cell spanning in the table won't print.

How to Reuse and Attribute This Content

If you derive a copy of this content using a OpenStax_CNX account and publish your version, proper attribution of the original work will be automatically done for you.

If you reuse this work elsewhere, in order to comply with the attribution requirements of the license (CC-BY 1.0), you must include

  • the authors' names: John Hutchinson
  • the title of the work: Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms
  • the OpenStax_CNX URL where the work can be found:

See the citation section below for examples you can copy.

How to Cite and Attribute This Content

The following citation styles comply with the attribution requirements for the license (CC-BY 1.0) of this work:

American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Hutchinson, J. Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms, OpenStax_CNX Web site., Jan 4, 2005.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Hutchinson J. Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms [OpenStax_CNX Web site]. January 4, 2005. Available at:

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Hutchinson, J. (2005, January 4). Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms. Retrieved from the OpenStax_CNX Web site:

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Hutchinson, John. "Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms." OpenStax_CNX. January 4, 2005.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

John Hutchinson, "Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms," OpenStax_CNX, January 4, 2005,

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Hutchinson, J. 2005. Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms. OpenStax_CNX, January 4, 2005.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Hutchinson, John. Quantum Energy Levels In Atoms. OpenStax_CNX. 4 Jan. 2005 <>.