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Overview of IIR Filter Design

Module by: Douglas L. Jones. E-mail the author

IIR Filter

yn= k =1M1 a k ynk+ k =0M1 b k xnk y n k 1 M 1 a k y n k k 0 M 1 b k x n k Hz= b 0 + b 1 z-1+ b 2 z-2+...+ b M zM1+ a 1 z-1+ a 2 z-2+...+ a M zM H z b 0 b 1 z -1 b 2 z -2 ... b M z M 1 a 1 z -1 a 2 z -2 ... a M z M

IIR Filter Design Problem

Choose a i a i , b i b i to best approximate some desired | H d w| H d w or, (occasionally), H d w H d w .

As before, different design techniques will be developed for different approximation criteria.

Outline of IIR Filter Design Material

  • Bilinear Transform: Maps L L optimal (and other) analog filter designs to L L optimal digital IIR filter designs.
  • Prony's Method: Quasi- L2 2 L optimal method for time-domain fitting of a desired impulse response (ad hoc).
  • Lp Optimal Design: Lp p L optimal filter design (1<p< 1 p ) using non-linear optimization techniques.

Comments on IIR Filter Design Methods

The bilinear transform method is used to design "typical" L L magnitude optimal filters. The Lp p L optimization procedures are used to design filters for which classical analog prototype solutions don't exist. The program by Deczky (DSP Programs Book, IEEE Press) is widely used. Prony/Linear Prediction techniques are used often to obtain initial guesses, and are almost exclusively used in data modeling, system identification, and most applications involving the fitting of real data (for example, the impulse response of an unknown filter).

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