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About: Brownian Motion

Module by: Jason Holden, Kevin Kelly. E-mail the authors

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Name: Brownian Motion
ID: m14354
Language: English (en)
Summary: This module presents an overview of Brownian motion, with a focus on how it relates to nanotechnology. It looks at Brownian motion from a historical, physical, mathematical, and biological perspective in order to give the reader a complete view of this phenomenon.
Subject: Science and Technology, Humanities
Keywords: brownian, kinetic-molecular theory, motion, nano, nanotech, nanotechnology, pollen, Robert Brown
Document Type: -//CNX//DTD CNXML 0.5//EN
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 2.0

Authors: Jason Holden (, Kevin Kelly (
Copyright Holders: Jason Holden (, Kevin Kelly (
Maintainers: Jason Holden (, Kevin Kelly (, Tish Stringer (

Latest version: 1.3 (history)
First publication date: Jan 10, 2006 1:04 pm -0600
Last revision to module: May 29, 2007 4:55 pm -0500


PDF: m14354_1.3.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m14354_1.3.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.
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Version History

Version: 1.3 May 29, 2007 4:55 pm -0500 by Jason Holden
Ingen-Housz's observation of Brownian motion has been changed from 1785 to 1784, thanks to new information provided by Sebastian Rehfeldt.

Version: 1.2 May 22, 2007 2:56 pm -0500 by Jason Holden
The year of observation made by Ingenhousz has been changed from 1765 to 1785.

Version: 1.1 Feb 20, 2007 10:12 am -0600 by Tish Stringer
First published version of the module.

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Holden, J.; Kelly, K. Brownian Motion, OpenStax-CNX Web site., May 29, 2007.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Holden J, Kelly K. Brownian Motion [OpenStax-CNX Web site]. May 29, 2007. Available at:

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Holden, J., & Kelly, K. (2007, May 29). Brownian Motion. Retrieved from the OpenStax-CNX Web site:

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Holden, Jason, and Kevin Kelly. "Brownian Motion." OpenStax-CNX. May 29, 2007.

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Jason Holden and Kevin Kelly, "Brownian Motion," OpenStax-CNX, May 29, 2007,

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Holden, J., & Kelly, K. 2007. Brownian Motion. OpenStax-CNX, May 29, 2007.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Holden, Jason, and Kevin Kelly. Brownian Motion. OpenStax-CNX. 29 May 2007 <>.