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About: Profitability Ratios

Module by: Rudy Lopes. E-mail the author

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Name: Profitability Ratios
ID: m15556
Language: English (en)
Summary: Profitability ratios are used to assess a business' ability to generate earnings as compared to expenses over a specified time period. These tutorials define the ratios and walk you through the calculations, including where on the financial statements the numbers can be found.
Subject: Business
Keywords: BEP Ratio, college-cram, financial ratios, profitability ratio, Profit Margin, return on assets, return on equity, ROA, ROE
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 2.0

Authors: Rudy Lopes (
Copyright Holders: Rudy Lopes (
Maintainers: Rudy Lopes (

Latest version: 1.8 (history)
First publication date: Nov 20, 2007 11:03 am -0600
Last revision to module: Apr 5, 2010 10:49 am -0500


PDF: m15556_1.8.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m15556_1.8.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 1.8 Apr 5, 2010 10:49 am -0500 by Rudy Lopes
fixed links

Version: 1.7 Oct 17, 2009 10:25 am -0500 by Rudy Lopes

Version: 1.6 Feb 15, 2008 11:19 am -0600 by Rudy Lopes
added image

Version: 1.5 Dec 18, 2007 9:50 am -0600 by Rudy Lopes
added link

Version: 1.4 Dec 10, 2007 5:27 pm -0600 by Rudy Lopes

Version: 1.3 Dec 10, 2007 4:37 pm -0600 by Rudy Lopes
added supplemental link

Version: 1.2 Dec 8, 2007 11:24 am -0600 by Rudy Lopes

Version: 1.1 Nov 20, 2007 11:31 am -0600 by Rudy Lopes
All content and links entered.

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American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Lopes, R. Profitability Ratios, OpenStax-CNX Web site., Apr 5, 2010.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Lopes R. Profitability Ratios [OpenStax-CNX Web site]. April 5, 2010. Available at:

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Lopes, R. (2010, April 5). Profitability Ratios. Retrieved from the OpenStax-CNX Web site:

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Lopes, Rudy. "Profitability Ratios." OpenStax-CNX. April 5, 2010.

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Rudy Lopes, "Profitability Ratios," OpenStax-CNX, April 5, 2010,

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Lopes, R. 2010. Profitability Ratios. OpenStax-CNX, April 5, 2010.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Lopes, Rudy. Profitability Ratios. OpenStax-CNX. 5 Apr. 2010 <>.