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# About: Sampling and Data: Probability

Module by: Susan Dean, Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D.. E-mail the authors

View the content: Sampling and Data: Probability

 Name: Sampling and Data: Probability ID: m16015 Language: English (en) Summary: This module introduces the concept of probability as a mathematical measure of randomness, including a number of real-world applications. Subject: Mathematics and Statistics Keywords: likelihood, probability, random, randomness, statistics License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0 Authors: Copyright Holders: Maintainers: Latest version: 1.11 (history) First publication date: Mar 31, 2008 3:01 pm -0500 Last revision to module: May 17, 2012 8:33 pm -0500

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## Version History

 Version: 1.11 May 17, 2012 8:33 pm -0500 by Changes: `Sampling and Data: Probability: Updated definition of probability.` Version: 1.10 Aug 11, 2011 5:15 pm -0500 by Changes: `Sampling and Data: Probability: Updated the glossary term "probability."` Version: 1.9 Feb 18, 2009 8:30 pm -0600 by Changes: `Sampling and Data: Probability: Updated the glossary item "probability."` Version: 1.8 Oct 27, 2008 8:19 pm -0500 by Changes: `roles updated` Version: 1.7 Jul 14, 2008 11:19 am -0500 by Changes: `image review` Version: 1.6 Jul 14, 2008 10:24 am -0500 by Changes: `uchenna metadata fix, RSW typo fix` Version: 1.5 Jul 8, 2008 8:44 pm -0500 by Changes: `post review edits` Version: 1.4 Jun 26, 2008 4:50 pm -0500 by Changes: `Roles changed` Version: 1.3 May 22, 2008 9:33 am -0500 by Changes: `Fixed Glossary` Version: 1.2 Apr 29, 2008 2:48 pm -0500 by Changes: `Updated metadata` Version: 1.1 Apr 18, 2008 4:32 pm -0500 by Changes: `Original Publishing`

## How to Reuse and Attribute This Content

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If you reuse this work elsewhere, in order to comply with the attribution requirements of the license (CC-BY 3.0), you must include

• the authors' names: Susan Dean, Barbara Illowsky
• the title of the work: Sampling and Data: Probability
• the Connexions URL where the work can be found: http://cnx.org/content/m16015/1.11/

See the citation section below for examples you can copy.

## How to Cite and Attribute This Content

The following citation styles comply with the attribution requirements for the license (CC-BY 3.0) of this work:

### American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Dean, S.; Illowsky, B. Sampling and Data: Probability, Connexions Web site. http://cnx.org/content/m16015/1.11/, May 17, 2012.

### American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Dean S, Illowsky B. Sampling and Data: Probability [Connexions Web site]. May 17, 2012. Available at: http://cnx.org/content/m16015/1.11/.

### American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Dean, S., & Illowsky, B. (2012, May 17). Sampling and Data: Probability. Retrieved from the Connexions Web site: http://cnx.org/content/m16015/1.11/

### Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Dean, Susan, and Barbara Illowsky. "Sampling and Data: Probability." Connexions. May 17, 2012. http://cnx.org/content/m16015/1.11/.

### Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Susan Dean and Barbara Illowsky, "Sampling and Data: Probability," Connexions, May 17, 2012, http://cnx.org/content/m16015/1.11/.

### Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Dean, S., & Illowsky, B. 2012. Sampling and Data: Probability. Connexions, May 17, 2012. http://cnx.org/content/m16015/1.11/.

### Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Dean, Susan, and Barbara Illowsky. Sampling and Data: Probability. Connexions. 17 May 2012 <http://cnx.org/content/m16015/1.11/>.