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Module by: Susan Dean, Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D.. E-mail the authors

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Name: Sampling and Data: Summary
ID: m16023
Language: English (en)
Summary: This module provides an outline/review of key concepts related to statistical sampling and data.
Subject: Mathematics and Statistics
Keywords: cluster, continuous, convenience, cumulative, data, discrete, frequency, parameter, population, probability, qualitative, quantitative, random, relative, replacement, sample, sampling, simple, statistic, statistics, stratified, systematic, variable
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0

Authors: Susan Dean (, Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D. (
Copyright Holders: Maxfield Foundation (
Maintainers: Susan Dean (, Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D. (, Connexions (

Latest version: 1.10 (history)
First publication date: Apr 9, 2008 2:07 pm -0500
Last revision to module: May 7, 2012 7:19 am -0500


PDF: m16023_1.10.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m16023_1.10.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 1.10 May 7, 2012 7:19 am -0500 by Susan Dean
Sampling and Data Summary:Took out note.

Version: 1.9 Feb 23, 2010 11:13 am -0600 by Susan Dean
 Sampling and Data: Summary:  Corrected a typo.

Version: 1.8 Oct 27, 2008 8:31 pm -0500 by James Cooper
roles updated

Version: 1.7 Jul 14, 2008 11:26 am -0500 by Connexions
image review

Version: 1.6 Jul 3, 2008 11:54 am -0500 by Connexions
post review updates

Version: 1.5 Jun 26, 2008 4:46 pm -0500 by Jonathan Emmons
Roles changed

Version: 1.4 Apr 29, 2008 3:00 pm -0500 by Jonathan Emmons
Updated metadata

Version: 1.3 Apr 22, 2008 12:17 pm -0500 by Uchenna Anyikam
Reformatted Definitions

Version: 1.2 Apr 22, 2008 11:03 am -0500 by Uchenna Anyikam
Cnxorg added as maintainer

Version: 1.1 Apr 18, 2008 4:38 pm -0500 by Uchenna Anyikam
Original Publishing

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Dean, S.; Illowsky, B. Sampling and Data: Summary, OpenStax-CNX Web site., May 7, 2012.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Dean S, Illowsky B. Sampling and Data: Summary [OpenStax-CNX Web site]. May 7, 2012. Available at:

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Dean, S., & Illowsky, B. (2012, May 7). Sampling and Data: Summary. Retrieved from the OpenStax-CNX Web site:

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Dean, Susan, and Barbara Illowsky. "Sampling and Data: Summary." OpenStax-CNX. May 7, 2012.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Susan Dean and Barbara Illowsky, "Sampling and Data: Summary," OpenStax-CNX, May 7, 2012,

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Dean, S., & Illowsky, B. 2012. Sampling and Data: Summary. OpenStax-CNX, May 7, 2012.

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Dean, Susan, and Barbara Illowsky. Sampling and Data: Summary. OpenStax-CNX. 7 May 2012 <>.