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About: Collaborative Statistics: Formulas

Module by: Susan Dean, Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D.. E-mail the authors

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Name: Collaborative Statistics: Formulas
ID: m16301
Language: English (en)
Summary: This module provides an overview of Statistics Formulas used as a part of Collaborative Statistics collection (col10522) by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean.
Subject: Mathematics and Statistics
Keywords: elementary, statistics
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0

Authors: Susan Dean (, Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D. (
Copyright Holders: Maxfield Foundation (
Maintainers: Susan Dean (, Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D. (, Connexions (

Latest version: 1.7 (history)
First publication date: May 7, 2008 1:48 pm -0500
Last revision to module: Jun 20, 2012 8:48 am -0500


PDF: m16301_1.7.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m16301_1.7.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 1.7 Jun 20, 2012 8:48 am -0500 by Susan Dean
Collaborative Statistics: Formulas: CNXML update.

Version: 1.6 Oct 27, 2008 10:34 am -0500 by James Cooper
roles updated

Version: 1.5 Oct 1, 2008 2:17 am -0500 by Connexions
See Change History (m17360) for a list of specific changes for this revision.

Version: 1.4 Jul 15, 2008 3:31 pm -0500 by Connexions
fixed formulas

Version: 1.3 Jul 10, 2008 8:15 pm -0500 by Connexions
Title change

Version: 1.2 Jun 27, 2008 1:41 pm -0500 by Connexions
Roles changed

Version: 1.1 May 22, 2008 9:57 am -0500 by Jonathan Emmons
Initial publication

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The following citation styles comply with the attribution requirements for the license (CC-BY 3.0) of this work:

American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Dean, S.; Illowsky, B. Collaborative Statistics: Formulas, OpenStax-CNX Web site., Jun 20, 2012.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Dean S, Illowsky B. Collaborative Statistics: Formulas [OpenStax-CNX Web site]. June 20, 2012. Available at:

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Dean, S., & Illowsky, B. (2012, June 20). Collaborative Statistics: Formulas. Retrieved from the OpenStax-CNX Web site:

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Dean, Susan, and Barbara Illowsky. "Collaborative Statistics: Formulas." OpenStax-CNX. June 20, 2012.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Susan Dean and Barbara Illowsky, "Collaborative Statistics: Formulas," OpenStax-CNX, June 20, 2012,

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Dean, S., & Illowsky, B. 2012. Collaborative Statistics: Formulas. OpenStax-CNX, June 20, 2012.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Dean, Susan, and Barbara Illowsky. Collaborative Statistics: Formulas. OpenStax-CNX. 20 June 2012 <>.