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# About: Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events

Module by: Susan Dean, Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D.. E-mail the authors

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 Name: Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events ID: m16837 Language: English (en) Summary: Probability: Independent and Mutually Exclusive Events is part of the collection col10555 written by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean and explains the concept of independent events, where the probability of event A does not have any effect on the probability of event B, and mutually exclusive events, where events A and B cannot occur at the same time. The module has contributions from Roberta Bloom. Subject: Mathematics and Statistics Keywords: chance, condition, exclusive, independent, mutually, outcome, Probability, Statistics License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0 Authors: Copyright Holders: Maintainers: Latest version: 1.14 (history) First publication date: May 8, 2008 4:07 pm -0500 Last revision to module: Mar 15, 2012 11:30 am -0500

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## Version History

 Version: 1.14 Mar 15, 2012 11:30 am -0500 by Changes: ```Module: Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events: Added "One student is picked randomly" to the college class example. ``` Version: 1.13 Mar 14, 2012 10:05 am -0500 by Changes: `Module: Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events: Updated definition of Independent Events.` Version: 1.12 Jun 22, 2011 11:16 am -0500 by Changes: `Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events: Added Example 5.` Version: 1.11 Feb 8, 2011 5:39 pm -0600 by Changes: `Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events: Glossary item "Mutually Exclusive" was modified.` Version: 1.10 Feb 18, 2009 2:06 pm -0600 by Changes: ```Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events: Added to "Independent Events" the sentence "If two events are NOT independent, then we say that they are dependent."``` Version: 1.9 Feb 6, 2009 1:45 pm -0600 by Changes: ` Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events: Added to the paragraph on Independence the sentence "If two events are NOT independent, then we say that they are dependent."` Version: 1.8 Jan 27, 2009 1:35 pm -0600 by Changes: `Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events: Added the definitions of "with replacement" and "without replacement."` Version: 1.7 Jan 9, 2009 1:18 pm -0600 by Changes: ```Moved the sentence "Independent and mutually exclusive do not mean the same thing" to the beginning of the section. Moved the second sentence below the note "If it is not known whether A and B are independent or dependent, assume they are dependent until you can show otherwise" to the end of the section Independent Events. Changed the first sentence below the note to "If it is not known whether A and B are mutually exclusive, assume they are not until you can show otherwise." Deleted the NOTE. ``` Version: 1.6 Oct 27, 2008 7:26 pm -0500 by Changes: `roles updated` Version: 1.5 Jul 31, 2008 10:18 am -0500 by Changes: ```removed draft note ``` Version: 1.4 Jul 8, 2008 6:22 pm -0500 by Changes: `post review edits` Version: 1.3 Jul 7, 2008 12:42 pm -0500 by Changes: `post review updates` Version: 1.2 Jun 27, 2008 11:04 am -0500 by Changes: `Roles changed` Version: 1.1 Jun 23, 2008 1:37 am -0500 by Changes: `Initial publication`

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### American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Dean, S.; Illowsky, B. Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events, Connexions Web site. http://cnx.org/content/m16837/1.14/, Mar 15, 2012.

### American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Dean S, Illowsky B. Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events [Connexions Web site]. March 15, 2012. Available at: http://cnx.org/content/m16837/1.14/.

### American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Dean, S., & Illowsky, B. (2012, March 15). Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events. Retrieved from the Connexions Web site: http://cnx.org/content/m16837/1.14/

### Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Dean, Susan, and Barbara Illowsky. "Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events." Connexions. March 15, 2012. http://cnx.org/content/m16837/1.14/.

### Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Susan Dean and Barbara Illowsky, "Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events," Connexions, March 15, 2012, http://cnx.org/content/m16837/1.14/.

### Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Dean, S., & Illowsky, B. 2012. Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events. Connexions, March 15, 2012. http://cnx.org/content/m16837/1.14/.

### Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Dean, Susan, and Barbara Illowsky. Probability Topics: Independent & Mutually Exclusive Events. Connexions. 15 Mar. 2012 <http://cnx.org/content/m16837/1.14/>.