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Abbreviated Precedence Chart for C++ Operators

Module by: Kenneth Leroy Busbee. E-mail the author

Summary: An abbreviated precedence chart for C++ operators typically used in a modular structured programming fundamentals course.

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An operator is a language-specific syntactical token (one or more symbols) that causes an action to be taken on one or more operands. The following item provides an abbreviated list of those C++ operators that are typically taught in a programming fundamentals course that teaches modular structured programming concepts.

Operators between a set of lines have the same precedence and associativity.



function call             ()                          Left to Right

array index               []


postfix increment         ++          unary           Right to Left

postfix decrement         --          unary


dereference               *           unary           Right to Left

unary positive            +           unary

unary minus               -           unary

prefix increment          ++          unary

prefix decrement          --          unary

cast                      (type)      unary

sizeof                    sizeof      unary (compile time)

logical NOT               !           unary


multiply                  *                           Left to Right

divide                    /

modulus                   %           remainder


add                       +                           Left to Right

subtract                  -


bitwise left shift        <<          for cout        Left to Right

bitwise right shift       >>          for cin


less than                 <                           Left to Right

greater than              >

less than or equal to     <=

greater than or equal to  >=


equality                  ==          equal to        Left to Right

non-equality              !=          not equal to


logical AND               &&                          Left to Right


logical OR                ||                          Left to Right


conditional               ?   :       trinary         Left to Right


assignment                =                           Right to Left

addition/assignment       +=

subtraction/assignment    -=

multiplication/assignment *=

division/assignment       /=

modulus/assignment        %=


sequence (or comma)       ,                           Left to Right



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