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About: Data Manipulation

Module by: Kenneth Leroy Busbee. E-mail the author

View the content: Data Manipulation


Name: Data Manipulation
ID: m18705
Language: English (en)
Summary: An introduction to expressions with definitions, an example and an explanation of precedence.
Subject: Science and Technology
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 2.0

Authors: Kenneth Leroy Busbee (
Copyright Holders: Kenneth Leroy Busbee (
Maintainers: Kenneth Leroy Busbee (

Latest version: 1.6 (history)
First publication date: Dec 3, 2008 8:33 am -0600
Last revision to module: Jan 15, 2010 6:06 am -0600


PDF: m18705_1.6.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m18705_1.6.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 1.6 Jan 15, 2010 6:06 am -0600 by Kenneth Leroy Busbee
Added Google Anayltics.

Version: 1.5 May 29, 2009 1:44 pm -0500 by Kenneth Leroy Busbee
Minor edits. Added definitions.

Version: 1.4 Dec 30, 2008 8:21 am -0600 by Kenneth Leroy Busbee
Update items identified as terms.

Version: 1.3 Dec 22, 2008 5:52 pm -0600 by Kenneth Leroy Busbee
Minor correction to wording.

Version: 1.2 Dec 3, 2008 9:42 am -0600 by Kenneth Leroy Busbee
Added additional links. 

Version: 1.1 Dec 3, 2008 9:21 am -0600 by Kenneth Leroy Busbee
Initial module.

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The following citation styles comply with the attribution requirements for the license (CC-BY 2.0) of this work:

American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Busbee, K. Data Manipulation, OpenStax-CNX Web site., Jan 15, 2010.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Busbee K. Data Manipulation [OpenStax-CNX Web site]. January 15, 2010. Available at:

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Busbee, K. (2010, January 15). Data Manipulation. Retrieved from the OpenStax-CNX Web site:

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Busbee, Kenneth. "Data Manipulation." OpenStax-CNX. January 15, 2010.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Kenneth Busbee, "Data Manipulation," OpenStax-CNX, January 15, 2010,

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Busbee, K. 2010. Data Manipulation. OpenStax-CNX, January 15, 2010.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Busbee, Kenneth. Data Manipulation. OpenStax-CNX. 15 Jan. 2010 <>.