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Compare the growth of plants

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

NATURAL SCIENCE

Grade 4

Life and way of living

Module 9

Compare the growth of plants in various circumstances

Activity:

To compare the growth of plants in various circumstances [LO 1.1, 1.2, 1.3]

The habitat of a plant is determined by the soil type and the climatic region where it grows best. Some plants prefer dry soil in a hot area and therefore do not need much water for growth. Other plants, again, like wet soil in cold regions because they need much water to survive.

Let us grow a plant: bring a variety of seeds to school. Plant them in well-drained soil in plant trays (six-pack).

  • Work in groups of six learners. Each learner should bring a plant tray and a few seeds. Try maize, bean and sunflower seeds – they grow quickly.
  • Use six plant trays for 12 seeds, planting two seeds in each bowl.
  • Place five of the plant trays in a sunny spot and water them regularly.
  • Place the sixth tray in a dark corner and do not water it.
  • Use the remaining seeds to create a collage.

Once the plant has grown well, you can remove it from the soil to compare it with your partner’s plant. The best plants can be dried between sheets of paper from old telephone directories. When they are ready, you may paste a plant on a sheet of paper and write captions (neatly) to identify the different parts, e.g.: roots, stem, leaves, flower.

Next we will compare our plants with those that have not had water and sunlight. Draw these in the spaces below and write your conclusion in the space that is provided.

Plant with sunlight and wate Plant without sunlight and water

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONSThe learner will be able to act confidently on curiosity about natural phenomena, and to investigate relationships and solve problems in scientific, technological and environmental contexts.

Assessment Standards: We know this when the learner

1.1 plans investigations;

  • takes the lead in investigating and collecting data;
  • evaluates data and provides feedback on observations

Memorandum

Habitats of plants:

Water: Some plants grow under water and others grow on the water

Deserts: Some plants can grow in deserts where it is hot and dry, and where the is very little water, e.g. cacti and mesems (mesembrythemums)

Mountains: Plants that grow on mountains must be able to withstand bitterly cold and strong winds: lichens, bitter-bush, disa, protea and sugarbush

Forests: Such plants grow in shade: Orchids, ferns and mosses

Veld: Fynbos and some proteas, restios

Botanical gardens: indigenous plants, usually

Semi-desert: The plants grow in dry areas, where there is little rain: karoo bushes, cacti

Any other appropriate answer

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