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    This module is approved and included inLens: Siyavula: Natural Sciences (Gr. 4-6)
    By: Siyavula

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Wind as a source of energy

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

NATURAL SCIENCES

Grade 4

ENERGY AND CHANGE

Module 29

WIND AS A SOURCE OF ENERGY

Activity:

To talk about wind as an enjoyable source of energy

[LO 3.2]

Being out of doors on a windy day can make us feel energetic. There are many ways in which we can enjoy the wind.

Form groups and take a minute to think about the nicest way in which one could enjoy the wind.

When groups report back, decide which idea will be the cheapest to follow, and which will be the most expensive.

Which group’s idea will require the least effort, and which will require the most effort?

Write labels for the following pictures.

Figure 1
Figure 1 (graphics1.png)

Figure 2
Figure 2 (graphics2.png)

Figure 3
Figure 3 (graphics3.png)

IDENTIFYING OTHER USES OF WIND [LO 1.3]

Figure 4
Figure 4 (graphics4.png)
Plants also make use of the wind!

Wind disperses the seeds of plants and trees. Plants that use the wind in this way have very light seeds.

Interesting facts: Some seeds have wings that help them to “fly”.

Other seeds glide like parachutes.

Figure 5
Figure 5 (graphics5.png)

Figure 6
Figure 6 (graphics6.png)

Figure 7
Figure 7 (graphics7.png)
The feathers of birds help them to glide on the wind. If the wind is strong, birds are assisted to fly for hundreds of kilometres when they migrate to other countries.

Some animals, rabbits for instance, sniff the air when they are eating. Because the wind carries the smell of their enemies, they are warned of danger.

The pilot of an aeroplane depends on the windsock at the airport so that he or she can determine from which direction for taking off or landing. The windsock also indicates the direction of the wind.

Figure 8
Figure 8 (graphics8.png)

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONSThe learner will be able to act confidently on curiosity about natural phenomena, and to investigate relationships and solve problems in scientific, technological and environmental contexts.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

  • evaluates data and provides feedback on observations.

LEARNING OUTCOME 3: SCIENCE, SOCIETY AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

  • understands the impact of Science and Technology.

Memorandum

If one is out of doors on a windy day, one can feel very energetic. There are many ways in which one can enjoy the wind.

  • Write captions to the following pictures.

One can participate in water sports.

One can fly in a glider!

One can fly a kite.

Let us think of conditions when the wind could be dangerous

1. Trees can be uprooted, they can destroy motor cars and houses, roads can be blocked, power lines can be blown down and homes can be left without electricity.

2. Storms at sea can cause flooding on land, and ships can be wrecked.

3. Tornadoes are the strongest kind of wind-storms and can have a velocity (speed) of up to 300 km per hour. A tornado can cause incredible damage.

4. Wind can cause soil erosion. Think of ways in which it can be prevented.

5. If the wind blows from one direction all the time, trees can grow skew. How can we live safely in such conditions?

6. If a veld fire occurs, wind can make it worse and massive plantations can be destroyed.

7. Breakwaters can be built along the coast to prevent the water from flooding the land.

8. Some animals live safely in their underground tunnels.

9. In dangerous places bridges and roads are closed temporarily so that motorists will not travel there.

10. Rows of trees and hedges can be planted along cultivated fields to prevent the crops from being damaged.

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Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

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