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Module by: Gordon Lamb. E-mail the author

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Name: The Vibrato and Choral Singing
ID: m20181
Language: English (en)
Summary: This module represents a discussion of the use of vibrato in choral singing. References are made to so-called "straight tone" singing that is use by some choirs. Reference is made to the successful St. Olaf choir the early 20th century that used a tone based on an organ sound. This type of tone virtually disappeared in the late 20th century. But, now in the beginning of the 21st century a similar movement is occurring based on an Easter European sound and compositions that use static, tone clusters, creating a new harsher straight tone. Suggestions are made here to assist in creating a warm, lyric, beautiful tone that has a vibrato.
Subject: Arts
Keywords: choral, lyricism, singing, straight, technique, tone, vibrato, warmth
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 2.0

Authors: Gordon Lamb (glambn@msn.com)
Copyright Holders: Gordon Lamb (glambn@msn.com)
Maintainers: Gordon Lamb (glambn@msn.com), Jennifer Thornhill (thornhillj@missouri.edu)

Latest version: 1.1 (history)
First publication date: Oct 29, 2008 10:14 am +0000
Last revision to module: Mar 11, 2009 12:48 pm +0000

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Version History

Version: 1.1 Mar 11, 2009 12:48 pm +0000 by Jennifer Thornhill
Changes:
This is the first version of this module.

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American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Lamb, G. The Vibrato and Choral Singing, OpenStax_CNX Web site. http://cnx.org/content/m20181/1.1/, Mar 11, 2009.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Lamb G. The Vibrato and Choral Singing [OpenStax_CNX Web site]. March 11, 2009. Available at: http://cnx.org/content/m20181/1.1/.

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Lamb, G. (2009, March 11). The Vibrato and Choral Singing. Retrieved from the OpenStax_CNX Web site: http://cnx.org/content/m20181/1.1/

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Lamb, Gordon. "The Vibrato and Choral Singing." OpenStax_CNX. March 11, 2009. http://cnx.org/content/m20181/1.1/.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Gordon Lamb, "The Vibrato and Choral Singing," OpenStax_CNX, March 11, 2009, http://cnx.org/content/m20181/1.1/.

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Lamb, G. 2009. The Vibrato and Choral Singing. OpenStax_CNX, March 11, 2009. http://cnx.org/content/m20181/1.1/.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Lamb, Gordon. The Vibrato and Choral Singing. OpenStax_CNX. 11 Mar. 2009 <http://cnx.org/content/m20181/1.1/>.