Skip to content Skip to navigation Skip to collection information

OpenStax-CNX

You are here: Home » Content » Economic and Management Sciences Grade 8 » The national budget, growth and economical equalities

Navigation

Lenses

What is a lens?

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

This content is ...

In these lenses

  • GETSenPhaseEMS display tagshide tags

    This collection is included inLens: Siyavula: Economic and Management Sciences (Gr. 7-9)
    By: Siyavula

    Collection Review Status: In Review

    Click the "GETSenPhaseEMS" link to see all content selected in this lens.

    Click the tag icon tag icon to display tags associated with this content.

Recently Viewed

This feature requires Javascript to be enabled.

Tags

(What is a tag?)

These tags come from the endorsement, affiliation, and other lenses that include this content.
 

The national budget, growth and economical equalities

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

ECONOMIC AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

Grade 8

SUSTAINABLE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

Module 2

THE NATIONAL BUDGET, GROWTH AND ECONOMIC INEQUALITIES

In addressing the problems of growth and economic inequality in South Africa, the central issue is improvement of the quality of life for all levels of society, but particularly for the poor and the previously disadvantaged, to empower all people to eventually be able to improve their own conditions and, in the process, improve the potential for economic growth. The first priority would be to provide the basic needs of the masses who do not have ready access to the necessary resources, such as access to employment opportunities, access to land, housing, provision of water, health care, etc. Some of the main objectives of the RDP is to establish programmes that have to facilitate redistribution and reconstruction, for instance by the redistribution of land to those who were removed from their land; the provision of more than a million houses; provision of clean water and sanitation; electrification of 2,5 million homes; and access to affordable health care and telecommunication.

The success of these programmes depends on the involvement of people from all levels of society where infrastructure has to be established so that they can be employed in the processes of construction and management. The expectation is that infrastructural programmes will stimulate the economy through increased demand, for instance, for bricks and steel products, appliances such as TV sets and washing machines, as well as many related products. The task of the industrial sector would be to provide new and more effective, cheaper products to supply the needs of the infrastructure.

The above discussion clearly indicates that the success of the RDP is dependent on a co-ordinated effort of labour and other skills, together with greater financing, It has to be seen as a national responsibility. The RDP is focused on restructuring public spending to finance the democratic government’s contribution to the programmes. This means that planning is needed to finance higher capital expenditure, to ensure greater effectiveness in consumer expenditure and to increase the government’s ability to collect taxes.

To do this, the following priorities have to be accommodated in the planning of national budget structures.

1. Elimination of prejudice / discrimination revealed in taxes levied against women;

2. Revision of personal tax to decrease the tax burden on lower income groups;

3. Rationalization of company tax to make provision for company expenditure related to health, education, housing, etc.;

4. Simplification of company tax structures to eliminate discrimination against small and medium businesses;

5. Reduction of VAT on the most basic commodities;

6. Budget allocations should reflect the government’s willingness to see that women are empowered and developed;

7. Sensitivity to the differentiation between men and women.

Activity 1:

The National Budget

[LO 2.2]

Group/SELF:

Analyse the most recent budget and evaluate it to decide whether it makes any reference to any of the measures suggested above. Also determine whether priorities have been taken into consideration and explain how budget measures that have been announced might eliminate inequalities.

  • Provide a neat report that could be discussed in class. Write a short summary after the class discussion.

Assessment

Table 1
Learning outcomes (LOs)
LO 2
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of sustainable growth, reconstruction and development, and to reflect critically on related processes
Assessment standards (ASs)
We know this when the learner:
2.1 investigates and describes how the national budget is used to influence growth and redress economic inequalities;
2.2 investigates how the RDP could have been used to stimulate economic growth and restructuring (e.g. capacity building jobs);
2.3 discusses the importance of savings for investments;
2.4 investigates and reports on how technology can improve productivity, economic growth, living standards, etc.

Overview

Assessment standard 2.2:THE NATIONAL BUDGET, GROWTH AND ECONOMIC INEQUALITIES

ACTIVITY 1: THE NATIONAL BUDGET

GROUP/SELF:

Learners are to use the most recent budget and evaluate it to decide what is being done to eliminate existing inequalities in the community (e.g. poverty, illiteracy, disease, etc.)

Collection Navigation

Content actions

Download:

Collection as:

PDF | EPUB (?)

What is an EPUB file?

EPUB is an electronic book format that can be read on a variety of mobile devices.

Downloading to a reading device

For detailed instructions on how to download this content's EPUB to your specific device, click the "(?)" link.

| More downloads ...

Module as:

PDF | EPUB (?)

What is an EPUB file?

EPUB is an electronic book format that can be read on a variety of mobile devices.

Downloading to a reading device

For detailed instructions on how to download this content's EPUB to your specific device, click the "(?)" link.

| More downloads ...

Add:

Collection to:

My Favorites (?)

'My Favorites' is a special kind of lens which you can use to bookmark modules and collections. 'My Favorites' can only be seen by you, and collections saved in 'My Favorites' can remember the last module you were on. You need an account to use 'My Favorites'.

| A lens I own (?)

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

| External bookmarks

Module to:

My Favorites (?)

'My Favorites' is a special kind of lens which you can use to bookmark modules and collections. 'My Favorites' can only be seen by you, and collections saved in 'My Favorites' can remember the last module you were on. You need an account to use 'My Favorites'.

| A lens I own (?)

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

| External bookmarks