OpenStax CNX

You are here: Home » Content » Phasors: Introduction

About: Phasors: Introduction

Module by: Louis Scharf. E-mail the author

View the content: Phasors: Introduction


Name: Phasors: Introduction
ID: m21469
Language: English (en)
Subject: Mathematics and Statistics, Science and Technology
Keywords: electrical engineering, engineerin, phasors
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0

Authors: Louis Scharf (
Copyright Holders: Louis Scharf (
Maintainers: Louis Scharf (, Daniel Williamson (, C. Sidney Burrus (, Richard Baraniuk (

Latest version: 1.6 (history)
First publication date: Feb 27, 2009 12:06 am +0000
Last revision to module: Sep 17, 2009 10:51 am +0000


PDF: m21469_1.6.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
EPUB: m21469_1.6.epub Electronic publication file, for viewing in handheld devices. Learn more.
XML: m21469_1.6.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.
Source Export ZIP: ZIP containing the module XML plus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.
Offline ZIP: An offline HTML copy of the content. Also includes XML, included media files, and other support files. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 1.6 Sep 17, 2009 10:51 am +0000 by Daniel Williamson
added google analytics tracking code

Version: 1.5 Jul 7, 2009 10:46 am +0000 by Daniel Williamson
accessibility, images, and link fixes

Version: 1.4 May 27, 2009 1:30 pm +0000 by Daniel Williamson
links added, images updated

Version: 1.3 Apr 12, 2009 1:18 am +0000 by Daniel Williamson
added disclaimer

Version: 1.2 Apr 8, 2009 3:00 pm +0000 by Kyle Barnhart
Improved image quality for web PNGs.

Version: 1.1 Apr 7, 2009 5:28 pm +0000 by Louis Scharf
init pub

How to Reuse and Attribute This Content

If you derive a copy of this content using a OpenStax_CNX account and publish your version, proper attribution of the original work will be automatically done for you.

If you reuse this work elsewhere, in order to comply with the attribution requirements of the license (CC-BY 3.0), you must include

  • the authors' names: Louis Scharf
  • the title of the work: Phasors: Introduction
  • the OpenStax_CNX URL where the work can be found:

See the citation section below for examples you can copy.

How to Cite and Attribute This Content

The following citation styles comply with the attribution requirements for the license (CC-BY 3.0) of this work:

American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Scharf, L. Phasors: Introduction, OpenStax_CNX Web site., Sep 17, 2009.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Scharf L. Phasors: Introduction [OpenStax_CNX Web site]. September 17, 2009. Available at:

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Scharf, L. (2009, September 17). Phasors: Introduction. Retrieved from the OpenStax_CNX Web site:

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Scharf, Louis. "Phasors: Introduction." OpenStax_CNX. September 17, 2009.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Louis Scharf, "Phasors: Introduction," OpenStax_CNX, September 17, 2009,

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Scharf, L. 2009. Phasors: Introduction. OpenStax_CNX, September 17, 2009.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Scharf, Louis. Phasors: Introduction. OpenStax_CNX. 17 Sep. 2009 <>.