Skip to content Skip to navigation Skip to collection information

OpenStax-CNX

You are here: Home » Content » Mathematics Grade 7 » Area of irregular figures

Navigation

Table of Contents

Lenses

What is a lens?

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

This content is ...

In these lenses

  • GETSenPhaseMaths display tagshide tags

    This module and collection are included inLens: Siyavula: Mathematics (Gr. 7-9)
    By: Siyavula

    Module Review Status: In Review
    Collection Review Status: In Review

    Click the "GETSenPhaseMaths" link to see all content selected in this lens.

    Click the tag icon tag icon to display tags associated with this content.

Recently Viewed

This feature requires Javascript to be enabled.

Tags

(What is a tag?)

These tags come from the endorsement, affiliation, and other lenses that include this content.
 

Area of irregular figures

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

MATHEMATICS

Perimeter, Area and Volume

EDUCATOR SECTION

Memorandum

  • Bigger than a half + smaller than a half make 1 square, and the squares bigger than a half have been counted already

19.

a) 30

b) 40

c) 25

d) 35

e) 4 986

f) 2,51

g) 308

h) 71,2

i) 10

j) 40

k) 120

l) 1,743

m) 186

n) 1 528

o) 8,249

LEANER SECTION

Content

ACTIVITY: Area of irregular figures [LO 4.2, LO 2.5, LO 2.3]

16. AREA OF IRREGULAR FIGURES

16.1 a) Work together with a friend. How will you determine the area of this figure? Assume that every square is 1 cm2.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

b) Now use your method and determine the area!

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

Figure 1
Figure 1 (graphics1.png)

16.2 Did you know?

With irregular figures, we can only determine an approximate area. We do it by counting all the whole squares within the figure. We also count all the squares that are bigger than half a square and add it to the first total. The squares that are smaller than half a square are not counted. Can you give a reason for this?

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

This is how we express the approximate area in cm².

Figure 2
Figure 2 (graphics2.png)

e.g.

Whole squares : 26

Squares bigger than half : 12

Approximate area :38 cm²

16.3 Now draw the outline of your hand on the squared paper below. Assume that each square is 1 cm².

Figure 3
Figure 3 (graphics3.png)

a) Calculate the approximate area of your hand. __________________________

b) Which learner’s hand covered the biggest area? ________________________

c) Which learner’s hand covered the smallest area? ________________________

17 Time for self-assessment

Table 1
  • Tick the applicable column:
Un­certain Reasonably certain Certain
I can explain the concept “area”.      
I can convert cm² to mm² and vice versa.      
I can convert m² tot cm² and vice versa.      
I can convert km² to m² and vice versa.      
I can convert m² to hectare and vice versa.      
I know the formulas to determine the areas of the following figures:      
  • square
     
  • rectangle
     
  • triangle
     
I can determine the area of regular figures.      
I can determine the approximate areas of irregular figures.      

18.1 Let us play a game!

You need a friend, two dice, paper and a pencil. Player A is the “perimeter” and player B is the “area”. You are both “rectangles” and work in cm.

Player A throws the two dice and then works out the perimeter of a rectangle with the two numbers, e.g. 6 and 2.

(6 x 2) + (2 x 2) = 16 cm

Player B calculates the area with the same numbers: 6 x 2 = 12 cm2

The perimeter is greater, thus player A gets two points. Take turns. The player who gets the most points after 15 rounds is the winner.

18.2 CHALLENGE!

a) Look carefully at this example of a house plan.

Figure 4
Figure 4 (graphics4.png)

b) Now draw your own plan of a house as simply as possible.

c) What is the area of the floor surface of your house? _____________________

d) How big is your yard? ____________________________________________

e) What is the perimeter of your garage(s)? _____________________________

f) If you sell your house for half a million rand, what will the cost be per m²? _____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

g) If your parents build on another room 6,1 m by 3,5 m, what will the area of your house then be?

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

19. Let us now see if you can improve on the results of your previous mental test.

Complete the following as quickly and accurately as possible:

a) 0,6 of 50 = _______________________

b) 0,8 of 50 = _______________________

c) 50% of 50 = ______________________

d) 70% of 50 = ______________________

e) 4,986 x 1 000 = ___________________

f) 0,251 x 10 = ____________________

g) 3,08 x 100 = ______________________

h) 7,12 x 10 = ____________________

i) 25% x 40 = _______________________

j) 100% x 40 = ______________________

k) 300% x 40 = ______________________

l) 174,3 ÷ 100 = _____________________

m) 18,6 ÷ 0,1 = ______________________

n) 15,28 ÷ 0,01 = ____________________

o) 8 249 ÷ 1 000 = ___________________

Did you improve? ______________________

Assessment

Learning Outcome 4:The learner will be able to use appropriate measuring units, instruments and formulae in a variety of contexts.

Assessment Standard 4.2:We know this when the learner solves problems;

Assessment Standard 4.5:We know this when the learner calculates, by selecting and using appropriate formulae.

Learning Outcome 1:The learner will be able to recognise, describe and represent numbers and their relationships, and to count, estimate, calculate and check with competence and confidence in solving problems.

Assessment Standard 1.8:We know this when the learner performs mental calculations involving squares of natural numbers to at least 102 and cubes of natural numbers to at least 5³.

Collection Navigation

Content actions

Download:

Collection as:

EPUB (?)

What is an EPUB file?

EPUB is an electronic book format that can be read on a variety of mobile devices.

Downloading to a reading device

For detailed instructions on how to download this content's EPUB to your specific device, click the "(?)" link.

| More downloads ...

Module as:

PDF | More downloads ...

Add:

Collection to:

My Favorites (?)

'My Favorites' is a special kind of lens which you can use to bookmark modules and collections. 'My Favorites' can only be seen by you, and collections saved in 'My Favorites' can remember the last module you were on. You need an account to use 'My Favorites'.

| A lens I own (?)

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

| External bookmarks

Module to:

My Favorites (?)

'My Favorites' is a special kind of lens which you can use to bookmark modules and collections. 'My Favorites' can only be seen by you, and collections saved in 'My Favorites' can remember the last module you were on. You need an account to use 'My Favorites'.

| A lens I own (?)

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

| External bookmarks