Skip to content Skip to navigation Skip to collection information

OpenStax-CNX

You are here: Home » Content » Economic and Management Sciences Grade 5 » Government's influence on our existence

Navigation

Lenses

What is a lens?

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

This content is ...

In these lenses

  • GETIntPhaseEMS display tagshide tags

    This collection is included inLens: Siyavula: Economic and Management Sciences (Gr. 4-6)
    By: Siyavula

    Collection Review Status: In Review

    Click the "GETIntPhaseEMS" link to see all content selected in this lens.

    Click the tag icon tag icon to display tags associated with this content.

Recently Viewed

This feature requires Javascript to be enabled.

Tags

(What is a tag?)

These tags come from the endorsement, affiliation, and other lenses that include this content.
 

Government's influence on our existence

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

ECONOMIC AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES

Grade 5

WHAT AFFECTS MY EXISTENCE

Module 3

GOVERNMENT’S INFLUENCE

The influence that the government exerts on a person’s existence

South Africa is a democratic country. This means that all the citizens are equal – all are equally important. But it was not always the case. Before 1994 South Africa had laws that determined that people had to live in particular areas according to their race and the same principle was applied to decide which schools and educational institutions children had to attend. When this was in force, some groups received greater financial support from the government, which affected the quality of their existence.

Discuss the following in your groups:

Is it fair to provide some groups with greater advantages than other groups? Is this still happening in South Africa?

[LO 1.2]

A set of rules has been formulated to protect the rights of all the citizens of the country. You are one of the citizens, too, and the rules are known as TheConstitution. The police have to ensure that everyone lives according to these rules and protect all the citizens.

  1. (a) The following are some of the rights that we have as citizens of the country:
  • Everyone should be able to feel safe – no one may hurt you.
  • Everyone is free to practise a religion of his or her choice.
  • Everyone should go to school.
  • You may speak the language of your choice.
  • Each one should have a house to live in.
  • People have to take good care of the soil, plants and animals – this is life.
  • Perhaps you are able to add some more…
  • The following newspaper article tells of someone whose rights were violated. Read it carefully and then discuss it in your groups.

RIGHTS OF CRIME IMPORTANT

Congratulations to Alex Carmichael on his victory over amongst othersthe police regarding the rights of the victims of violence and crime.It is high time that somebody does something about the rights of the many people at the receiving end of the behaviour of tyrants and violators of the rights of other people.

Nowadays it seems as if only these people have rights and privileges, but not their victims!

We live in a sick society due to the rot that has settled in the community. Life is cheap – human lives have less value than those ofslaughter animals. Perpetrators are sometimes sent to jail for a shortperiod of time, where they receive food, clothing and medical care,because it is their right – for this the victim also pays by means ofincome tax. Often the victim suffers serious injuries, or the bread-winner of a family is killed which leaves the family close to starvation.Let these perpetrators reward the victims of their deeds financially.Perhaps we should establish a union that will take care of the interestsof the victims of violence and crime so that justice will prevail.

Peter Barton

Plumstead

Try to find newspaper articles telling of one of the rights/rules in the list on the previous page that has been violated. Discuss the violation as a class.

Remember - you are a citizen and also have rights that must be respected by other people.

To the Educator:

Draw up a list of four rights that you think learners in your school should be able to claim. Discuss these with the class and then, with their suggestions, draw up one list for the class as a whole.

[LO 1.1]

Our responsibility to the government

One of our most important responsibilities towards the government is to help with the maintenance of facilities, like roads, buildings, recreational facilities, services like education and health, and many more. Money is needed to keep these in a good condition and every citizen of the country who earns a salary, therefore has to help to provide the money by paying tax.

Besides people having to pay tax annually on income and property, all of us also pay tax on almost everything we buy.

  1. (a) Study the following till slip:

Figure 1
Figure 1 (graphics1.png)
T CASH DEALERS

Assignment

  1. (a) Answer the following questions about the till slip after you have discussed it in your groups:

How is the tax amount indicated on this slip?

What do you see as the reason why no tax is raised on some articles?

Why is it important that all the citizens of a country pay tax?

How will the quality of our lives be affected if nobody paid tax?

What is the percentage tax that is added on taxable items at present?

[LO 1.4]

Figure 2
Figure 2 (graphics2.png)

See if you are able to calculate the tax on the following items with the help of your pocket calculator:

Takkies @ R195

Computer @ R5 600

New school case @ R60

  1. (a) The following is a typical quote made out to a client for services / products rendered. Read it carefully and look at the fine print on the left at the bottom in particular.

PO Box 171

KURUMAN

8460

Phone 891 5555

Client : ____________________________

Address : ____________________________

____________________________

Quantity: 4 205/60 Goodyear tyres…..R1 540,00

Quotation accepted: ______________________

All prices exclude VAT

No tax is included in this quote. The amount that the client will eventually pay will therefore be the quoted amount + the tax that has to be added to the amount. Many people are caught out in this way, because the percentage in tax that has to be added to large amounts can make a big difference to the amount quoted in the beginning.

Most businesses therefore try to make things simpler for their clients by adding the tax amount to all prices, so that clients will know from the beginning precisely what the article will cost in the end.

My existence

Figure 3
Figure 3 (graphics3.png)

All of us dream dreams – perhaps you dream about your first salary cheque and what you would buy with it. You fantasize about your dream car, about an overseas trip, about the dream house in which you want to live one day. But when you open your eyes, you still are a youngster.

How do you feel about the quality of your life as it is now? Are you satisfied or are there things you would like to change? What do you see as the factors that influence you present standard of living and what do you think you can do to change or improve it? Is there any chance that your dreams may be realised? Why do you feel this way?

Write a paragraph or two to describe your existence in terms of the above guidelines.

[LO 1.1]

Assessment

LO 1

THE ECONOMIC CYCLEThe learner is able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the economic cycle within the context of the economic problem.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 differentiates between the different levels of needs that people have, and explains how these might be satisfied;

1.2 identifies and describes the role of government in the use of resources and services;

1.4 differentiates beteen direct taxes (e.g. income tax) and indirect taxes (e.g. VAT, tax on petrol).

Memorandum

  • Allow discussion where necessary in order to formulate meaningful responses.

Collection Navigation

Content actions

Download:

Collection as:

PDF | EPUB (?)

What is an EPUB file?

EPUB is an electronic book format that can be read on a variety of mobile devices.

Downloading to a reading device

For detailed instructions on how to download this content's EPUB to your specific device, click the "(?)" link.

| More downloads ...

Module as:

PDF | More downloads ...

Add:

Collection to:

My Favorites (?)

'My Favorites' is a special kind of lens which you can use to bookmark modules and collections. 'My Favorites' can only be seen by you, and collections saved in 'My Favorites' can remember the last module you were on. You need an account to use 'My Favorites'.

| A lens I own (?)

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

| External bookmarks

Module to:

My Favorites (?)

'My Favorites' is a special kind of lens which you can use to bookmark modules and collections. 'My Favorites' can only be seen by you, and collections saved in 'My Favorites' can remember the last module you were on. You need an account to use 'My Favorites'.

| A lens I own (?)

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

| External bookmarks