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    By: SiyavulaAs a part of collections: "English Home Language Grade 5", "English Home Language Grade 5"

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Spelling and the dictionary

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

ENGLISH HOME LANGUAGE

Grade 5

TICKLE YOUR TASTE BUDS

Module 16

SPELLING AND THE DICTIONARY

Can you still remember how to spell?

Both ‘c’ and ‘g’ have a hard and a soft sound!

Sound these words out loud. Which vowel follows the ‘c’ and the ‘g’ in these words?

Table 1
colour gone copper
gate gold gutter
cutlery cup collar
cattle college gap

When ’c’ or ‘g’ are followed by __, __ or __, they have a hard sound.

When ‘c’ or ‘g’ are followed by __ or __, they usually have a soft sound.

Fill in the missing vowels and match the correct word to the picture:

Table 2
c__metry
c__ntury
g__raffe
c__rcle
g__ant
c__rcus
C__g__rette
eng_ne

Figure 1
Figure 1 (Picture 7.png)

[LO 6.1.4]

USING THE DICTIONARYTO UNDERSTAND PARTS OF SPEECH

The dictionary divides the entry words into eight groups called parts of speech:

Table 3
adjective - adj noun – n verb – v adverb – adv
preposition – prep Conjunction – conj pronoun - pron interjection - interj
  1. The part of speech is abbreviated and can appear at the beginning of an entry or near the end. What part of speech is the word barn?

barn (barn) n. a building used to shelter farm animals and to store grain.

2. Many words (like the word barn) are always the same part of speech. Some words, however, change from one part of speech to another. This depends on how the words are used in sentences.

coop (coop) n. 1. a pen for keeping animals such as rabbits or chickens; -v 2. to put or confine in a coop; 3. to keep in a small area. (The dog was cooped up all day in the house.)

The word coop is a verb in meaning nr _ and _, and a noun in meaning nr _.

3. Look up the word light. Write a short sentence using light as a:

Table 4
(a) noun  
(b) verb  
(c) adjective  

USING ENTRIES TO FIND INFORMATION

As we all have dictionaries, I will supply you with the definitions for this exercise.

Table 5
beard /beerd/ n & v *n 1. hair growing on the chin and lower cheeks of the face. 2. a similar tuft or part on an animal (esp. a goat). *v.tr oppose openly; defy. beardedadj. beardless adj. gaff /gaf/ n & v *,. 1a. a stick with an iron hook for landing large fish. b. a barbed fishing spear. 2. a spar to which the head of a fore- and –aft sail is bent. *v. tr. Seize (a fish) with a gaff.
cookhouse /kook-howss/ n. 1. a camp kitchen 2. an outdoor kitchen in warm countries. 3. a ship’s galley. teacake /teekayk/ n. British. a light yeastbased usually sweet bun eaten at tea, often toasted.

4. Look at the word beard.

(a) What does it mean?

(b) What part of speech is it?

(c) What is the adjective form of the word?

5. How many meanings does cookhouse have?

6. Look at the word gaff.

(a) What does the “n” and “v” stand for?

(b) How many definitions are listed?

7. From which language is teacake derived?

8. Any entry word may be listed more than once. The multiple entries are called homographs. Homographs are words which are spelled alike, but have different meanings and origins. Look at the word gall.

A: gall /gawl/ n. 1. Impudence 2. asperity, rancour. 3. bitterness, anything bitter. 4. the bile of animals. 5. the gall-bladder and its contents.

B: gall /gawl/ n & v *1. sore on the skin made by chaffing. 2. a place rubbed bare. *v. tr. 1. injure by rubbing. 2. vex, annoy, humiliate.

C: gall /gawl/ n. 1. a growth caused by insects or fungus on plants and trees, esp. oak.

Table 6
(a) Which gall is produced in the body? A B C
(b) Which gall swells up leaves of plants? A B C
(c) Which gall hurts? A B C
(d) Which gall is caused by irritation? A B C

9. Use your dictionary to find these words which all begin with ‘tu’.

(a) smart jacket for formal occasions: tu __ __ __ __

(b) a greenish blue colour: tur __ __ __ __ __ __

(c) a tasty fish: tu __ __

(d) someone who teaches or instructs: tut __ __

(e) a kind of headdress: tu __ __ __ __

(f) small tower: tur __ __ __

(g) a water tortoise: tur __ __ __

(h) stiff net skirt worn by ballet dancers: tu __ __

[LO 6.1.1; 6.1.3; 6.1.4]

Assessment

LO 6

LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USEThe learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.

We know this when the learner:

6.1 works with words:

6.1.1 uses prefixes, stems and suffixes/extensions to form words;

6.1.3 records words in a personal dictionary;

6.1.4 uses phonics and spelling rules to spell words correctly;

6.2 works with sentences:

6.2.3 identifies and uses nouns, pronouns, prepositions, articles and conjunctions;

6.2.6 consolidates use of punctuation learned so far.

6.4 develops awareness and use of style:

6.4.1 uses language appropriate for the audience, purpose and context (e.g.

formal / informal register);

Memorandum

C and g: When ’c’ or ‘g’ are followed by a, o or u they have a hard sound.

When followed by e or i, they have a soft sound.

Table 7
cemetery
century
giraffe
circle
giant
circus
cigarette
engine

Dictionary

  1. noun
  2. The word coop is a verb in meaning nr 2 and 3 and a noun in meaning nr 1.

Look at the word beard.

Table 8
  • What does it mean?
hair growing on the chin of a man or a goat
  • What part of speech is beard ?
noun
  • What is the adjective form of the word?
bearded / beardless
Table 9
5. How many meanings does cookhouse have? 3
Table 10
  • From which language is teacake derived?
British
Table 11
  1. (a) Which gall is produced in the body?
A
  1. (a) Which gall swells up leaves of plants?
C
  1. (a) Which gall hurts?
B
  1. (a) Which gall is caused by irritation?
B

Nr 8

Use your dictionary to find these words which all begin with ‘tu’.

  • smart jacket for formal occasions: tuxedo
  • a greenish blue colour: turquoise
  • a tasty fish (delicious when tinned): tuna
  • someone who teaches or instructs: tutor
  • a kind of headdress: turban
  • small tower: turret
  • a water tortoise: turtle
  • stiff net skirt worn by ballet dancers: tutu

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