Skip to content Skip to navigation Skip to collection information

OpenStax-CNX

You are here: Home » Content » Arts and Culture Grade 6 » Arts and Culture: Music - to identify rituals

Navigation

Lenses

What is a lens?

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

This content is ...

In these lenses

  • GETIntPhaseAC display tagshide tags

    This collection is included inLens: Siyavula: Arts & Culture (Gr. 4-6)
    By: Siyavula

    Collection Review Status: In Review

    Click the "GETIntPhaseAC" link to see all content selected in this lens.

    Click the tag icon tag icon to display tags associated with this content.

Recently Viewed

This feature requires Javascript to be enabled.

Tags

(What is a tag?)

These tags come from the endorsement, affiliation, and other lenses that include this content.
 

Arts and Culture: Music - to identify rituals

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

ARTS AND CULTURE

Grade 6

EXPRESSION AND COMMUNICATION

Module 5

Music: to identify rituals

Activity 1:

To identify rituals

[LO 4.4]

All cultures in the world practise some or other form of religion through religious ceremonies.

Choose a ritual that plays an important role in your religion. Then complete the questionnaire below. Thereafter it will be possible to determine which elements are usually present in religious rituals.

Table 1
RITUAL: YES NO Majority of classYes/No
Is music involved?      
Is movement involved?      
Is dancing involved?      
Is singing involved?      
Are the words of the song important?      
Is the singing mainly solo?      
Is it mainly community singing?      
Are there any elements that contribute to the atmosphere? (candles)      
Does sharing play a role? (e.g. wine, bread)      
Are symbols involved? (e.g. water)      
Do you think an individual can perform a ritual?      

Activity 2:

To identify symbolism in rituals

[LO 4.4]

What is symbolism?

Symbolism plays a major role in rituals.

Think of the ritual of greeting

Figure 1
Figure 1 (Picture 2.png)
  • The shaking of hands is only a symbol. It creates a bond between the two persons and symbolises (indicates, means) friendship.

  • Another example where water is used as symbol: The Hatsiatsia (Pronounced: Hat-cha-cha)

The Hatsiatsia, a ritual (ceremony) from Ghana, is performed on the first Sunday of each month. The people form a large circle with a bucket of holy water in the centre of the circle. While dancing slowly around the bucket, they all get a chance to dip their hands into the bucket to wipe their faces with the water. The water is used as a symbol of forgiving and forgetting (washing away) and discord between friends and family during the past month. The music is played on metal gongs.

  1. What is the symbolism of water in your religion?
  2. Why do you think the words in the singing are important in a ritual?
  3. What do think is the symbolism of communal singing in a ritual?

Activity 3:

To investigate the role of music in rituals

[LO 4.4]

MUSIC AND SYMBOLISM

Music plays an important role in rituals. Certain kinds of music is associated with certain rituals.

  • Listen to the music examples.
  • Indicate which of the rituals listed below can be linked to the music.

  • Draw any symbol that you would associate with these rituals.
Table 2
School meeting Wedding National holiday Sporting event

The role of music in rituals

Figure 2
Figure 2 (Picture 10.png)
Figure 3
Figure 3 (Picture 11.png)
Figure 4
Figure 4 (Picture 12.png)

Figure 5
Figure 5 (Picture 13.png)

Figure 6
Figure 6 (Picture 14.png)

Figure 7
Figure 7 (Picture 15.png)

Investigate the music

  • A Sporting ritual

Complete the following with regard to the music in a sporting ritual, e.g. in a rugby or soccer match between South Africa and England:

Which bond is formed?

What message is conveyed?

Describe the emotions experienced?

Describe the atmosphere that is created:

A School ritual

Complete the following with regard to the music in a school ritual:

Which bond is formed?

What message is conveyed?

Describe the emotions experienced:

Describe the atmosphere that is created:

  • A religious ritual

Step 1

Read the following, first in English and then in Xhosa:

Figure 8
Figure 8 (Picture 24.png)

Step 2

The class divides into groups and each group does what the teacher asks them to do.

Choose the correct term and mark your choice clearly:

  • Repetition / imitation / call and response means the same pattern is repeated by the same voice.
  • Repetition / imitation / call and response means the same pattern is repeated by another voice.
  • Repetition / imitation / call and response means two different voices follow one another with different patterns.

Step 3

MASITHI is also known as “The Great Amen”.

Stephen Molefe (a teacher) composed this Xhosa song.

In many religions there is usually a prayer of thanksgiving at the end of the public worshipping. The whole congregation joins the minister at the end of the prayer of thanksgiving with this hymn. The words are: Let us say: Amen, We praise Thee

Step 4

Sing the song.

Figure 9
Figure 9 (Picture 27.png)

Step 5

Complete the following by choosing the right word.

Table 3
atmosphere call and answer message bond repetition thankfulness
  1. The congregation joins the minister in the final hymn. There is therefore a

_________________________between the congregation and the minister.

  1. The words convey a_________________, which is “We praise Thee” (belief).
  2. A sacred _________________ is created.
  3. The emotion experienced is that of ____________________________________
  4. Features of this song: ____________and_______________________________

Assessment

Table 4
Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 4
EXPRESSION AND COMMUNICATIONThe learner is able to analyse and use multiple forms of communication and expression in Arts and Culture.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
MUSIC (4.4)
  • researches, creates and presents music that conveys and suggests the symbolism of ritual.
 
DRAMA (4.2, 4.3)
  • dramatises a cultural ritual (religious ceremony or social celebration) showing the use of the elements of drama (e.g. patterns, repetition, sequence); and
  • explains the importance of this ritual for the people who participate in it.
 
DANCE (4.1)
  • finds out, tries out and explains a song-dance ritual (e.g. snake dance, reed dance, stick dance), referring to its purpose and structure patterns, repetition and sequence.
VISUAL ARTS (4.5, 4.6)
  • demonstrates and describes the use of various artefacts in cultural rituals; and
  • researches murals in the community as a form of visual communication in relation to:
  • the intended message;
  • target group;
  • techniques;
  • appropriate materials; and
  • symbols and signs.

Collection Navigation

Content actions

Download:

Collection as:

PDF | EPUB (?)

What is an EPUB file?

EPUB is an electronic book format that can be read on a variety of mobile devices.

Downloading to a reading device

For detailed instructions on how to download this content's EPUB to your specific device, click the "(?)" link.

| More downloads ...

Module as:

PDF | More downloads ...

Add:

Collection to:

My Favorites (?)

'My Favorites' is a special kind of lens which you can use to bookmark modules and collections. 'My Favorites' can only be seen by you, and collections saved in 'My Favorites' can remember the last module you were on. You need an account to use 'My Favorites'.

| A lens I own (?)

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

| External bookmarks

Module to:

My Favorites (?)

'My Favorites' is a special kind of lens which you can use to bookmark modules and collections. 'My Favorites' can only be seen by you, and collections saved in 'My Favorites' can remember the last module you were on. You need an account to use 'My Favorites'.

| A lens I own (?)

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

| External bookmarks