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Why people travel into unknown territories

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

TECHNOLOGY

Grade 7

WORKING WITH WIND AND WATER

Module 6

WATER

Background

Today, different types of machines are used to cause motion. In the past, people and animals generated the power that was needed to move their vehicles or implements. They had to draw wagons, ploughs and sleds, thus moving the implements by sheer muscle power. Later people learned to harness natural forces such as wind and running water. Nowadays most machines are driven by electricity. A machine has an electrical motor that creates the power for an object to move.

Let us take a look at the source of energy that is to be found in running water. This energy is used in hydro-electric power stations to generate electricity.

INVESTIGATION 1

You will need:

  • a pair of scissors
  • a knitting needle
  • a deep tray
  • two drinking straws
  • adhesive tape
  • string
  • water
  • a plastic cool drink bottle

Assignment 1:

To make a drawing

[LO 1.3]

Make a top view drawing with clear labels indicating all the requirements. Use the correct proportion, colour and quantities.

Method:

  1. Cut off the top part of the cool drink bottle.
  2. Use the knitting needle to make small holes all around the sides along the bottom of the bottle. The holes must be evenly spaced.
  3. Cut the straws into 3 cm lengths and stick them through the holes.
  4. Use adhesive tape to keep the straws in position.
  5. Make three small evenly-spaced holes along the upper part of the bottle.
  6. Fasten three equally long lengths of string through the holes and then fasten them to one long piece of string.
  7. Fill the bottle with water while holding it over the tray.

What do you observe?

The water squirts out through the straws and causes the bottle to spin. This kind of device is called a turbine.

Figure 1
Figure 1 (Picture 4.png)

INVESTIGATION 2

Let us try to discover where the pressure is the greatest in a plastic cool drink bottle that has been filled with water.

Figure 2
Figure 2 (Picture 5.png)

You will need:

  • a 2 ℓ plastic cool drink bottle
  • a pencil
  • a deep tray
  • a pair of scissors
  • adhesive tape
  • water

Method:

  1. Unscrew and remove the cap of the bottle. Make three little holes, slightly apart, directly below each other near the bottom of the bottle. Use a pencil or any other sharp object to make the holes.
  2. Cover the holes with adhesive tape.
  3. Fill the bottle with water.
  4. Now remove the adhesive tape quickly, making sure that all the tape is removed at the same time.

What do you observe?

The water squirts out of the holes. The water that comes from the holes at the bottom of the bottle squirts the furthest.

Assignment 2:

To make a drawing

[LO 1.3]

Make a labelled drawing to demonstrate your observations. Use suitable colours and shading.

Why?

Air exerts pressure on the surface of the water in the bottle. The top layer of water exerts pressure on the rest of the water below. Therefore the water at the bottom of the bottle is driven out with greater force.

Assessment

Table 1
Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO1
Technological processes and skillsThe learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technology.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
investigates:
1.2 examines existing products relevant to a problem, situation or need based on the following key aspects of design.
1.3 investigates by performing simple practical tests relating to aspects of the technological knowledge areas (Structures, Processing, and Systems and Control);

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Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

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