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South African songs relating to nation building

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

ARTS AND CULTURE

Grade 7

PERSONAL AND SOCIAL SKILLS

Module 2

SOUTH AFRICAN SONGS RELATING TO NATION BUILDING

MUSIC

In this module we are going to sing and accompany South African songs in different languages from different cultures. These songs are all related to our theme: nation building.

Activity 1:

To sing different South African songs related to the theme: “nation building”

[LO 3.6]

Follow the teacher’s instructions to explore the following aspects with regard to song:

  • Background information
  • Listening
  • Learning and singing a song
  • The following extract is taken from a speech made during the unveiling of a monument during a Heritage Day celebration. Read the quotation and answer the questions. Your teacher will supply the necessary background knowledge.

“Today it forms part of our national anthem; and along with Die Stem, it embellishes various strands of our past in a unison of inclusiveness, of the oneness of South Africa’s people.”

  1. (i) Which former president made the speech, do you think?
  2. (ii) To which song (“it”) did he refer to?
  3. (iii) In whose memory was the monument erected?
  4. (iv) Why?

Who was the composer of Die Stem?

  1. (i) Who was responsible for the lyrics of Die Stem?
  2. (ii) Name one aspect in the national anthem that encourages nation building?

Nkosi sikelel’iAfrika

Maluphakanyisw’ uphondo lwayo,

Yizwa imithandazoyethu,

Nkosi sikelela, thina lusapho lwayo

Morena boloka setjhaba sa heso,

O fedise dintwa la matshwenyeho,

O se boloke, O se boloke setjhaba sa heso,

Setjhaba sa South Afrika – South Afrika.

Uit die blou van onse hemel,

Uit die diepte van ons see,

Oor ons ewige gebergtes,

Waar die kranse antwoord gee,

Sounds the call to come together,

And united we shall stand,

Let us live and strive for freedom,

In South Africa our land.

2.1.2 “The city lies at the foot of the table, between the devil’s tail and the lion’s head.”

A. Complete the following questions with reference to the above quotation:

  1. (i) To which city is referred?

  1. (i) Replace the underlined parts with proper names that will describe the actual location of the city:

“The city lies at the foot of , between

and “

B. Listen to parts of My broertjie my bra and New Year then answer the questions. Your teacher will supply the background information.

  1. (i) From which musical do they come?
  2. (ii) What is a musical?
  3. (iii) What does bra mean?
  4. (iv) Which instruments are prominent in New Year?
Figure 1
Figure 1 (Picture 8.png)

Die Alibama

Daar kom die Alibama,

Die Alibama die kom oor die see (2X)

Nôi, Nôi die rietkooi, nôi, die rietkooi is gemaak,

Die rietkooi is vir my gemaak om daar op te slaap (2x)

Die Alibama, Die Alibama

Die Alibama kom oor die see (2X)

Janewarie....

Janewarie, Feberwarie, Maart

*April, May, June, July (2X)

August, September, October, November, December (2x)

Janewarie, Feberwarie, Maart

April, May, June, July (2X)

(*April to December – English pronunciation)

Nuwejaar

Wow wow wow wow wie die wie die wie die

wee die Nuwejaar is hier (2)

Onner Tafelberg, die was lekker daar

Distrik Ses was kwaai op ‘n Nuwejaar.

Elke Oujaarsaand sit die mense daar

Op banke daar bo in Hanoverstraat.

En dit was joltyd

Dit was tog so lekker joltyd

Dit was tog so lekker

Dit was lekker daar bo in Hanoverstraat

C. Answer the following questions:

  1. (i) To what does “Alibama” refer?
  2. (ii) What is a rietkooi? Does it have anything to do with the Alibama as such? Motivate.
  3. (iii) Which other songs can be added to these?
  4. (iv) Do you agree with the expression “Ghoema is Woema”? Motivate.
  5. (v) From what has the word “ghommaliedjie” been derived?
  6. (vi) Define the word “ghommaliedjie”.
  7. (vii) What is the most important musical element of ghoema moppie music?
  8. (viii) From what has the word “moppie” been derived?
  9. (ix) Give a definition of the word “moppie”.
  10. (x) What is the difference between a moppie and a ghomma song?
  11. (xi) Name the groups who mostly sing ghoema songs and the groups who mostly sing moppies.
  12. (xii) What are they poking fun at in the moppie below?

Skinnery in die washuis

deur Abdullah Isaacs

Tapsiela met haar groot bek kan baie raas

Sy maak skandaal in die ou wasplaas;

Sy sê Gasbieya is skeel,

Nou wil Gasbieya vir haar verbeel

En verder

Oe Tapsiela, Gafiela en Jamiela,

Pasop! Pasop!

Hier kom motjie Dingie met haar lang snuif lip;

Haar gevreet lyk so plat soos ‘n ou wasklip.

(xiii) Write your own moppie in which you poke fun at a famous person, politician, etc.

2.1.3

A The following item appeared in a local newspaper on 7 March 1995:

CAPE TOWN. Anneline Malebo, a member of the pop group Joy who was responsible for the hit song Paradise Road, is to be buried in Guguletu on Saturday.

The funeral service will be held in a large tent in an open field near her family home nr. 8 in NY 46. She will be buried after the service in the Guguletu cemetery.

It is not yet known at what time the funeral sevice will commence.

Explain the relationship between this news report and the tendency to refer to the song Paradise Road as the unofficial Aids anthem.

PARADISE ROAD

Come with me down Paradise Road

This way please, I’ll carry along

This you won’t believe

Come with me to Paradise Place

Just outside and open your eyes

This you won’t believe

There are better days before us

And the burning bridge behind us

By us spoken;

The sky is burning

There’s a woman waiting weeping

And a young man nearly beaten

All for love

Paradise is almost closing down.

B. Listen to the second recording of this song by Jannie Moolman and the Zulu choral group Colenso Abafana of Ladysmith. Answer the following questions:

  1. (i) What voice type does Jannie Moolman have?
  2. (ii) What does Abafana mean?
  3. (iii) Describe the style of the song group.
  4. (iv) Motivate why this song can be considered an example of “a mixture of styles in music”?

2.1.4 These are the words of the first part of The Click Song. Add the pronunciation and the English words. Which artist made this song famous?

Table 1
  THE CLICK SONG  
  Xhosa (the pronunciation below the Xhosa) Afrikaans…………………………………………………….
  I gqi ra  
     
  Len dle la  
     
  Ngu Gqon gqo thwa ne  
     

Artist:

2.1.5

A. Divide into four groups. Each group uses one of the songs they have learnt to demonstrate the following:

  1. (i) The musical elements: Tempo, Rhythm, Beat, Dynamism
  2. (ii) How these elements influence the character of the music

B. Briefly describe the meaning of the following terms:

TEMPO:

RHYTHM:

BEAT:

DYNAMISM:

Activity 2:

To compose an accompaniment for a South African song

[LO 3.7]

Follow the educator’s instructions and compose your own accompaniments for the songs that you learnt in Activity 1.

Assessment

Table 2
Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 3
PARTICIPATION AND COOPERATIONThe learner is able to display personal and social skills while participating in arts and culture activities as an individual and in a group
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
GENERALIn regard to 3.1 – 3.8 below:
  • is able to transform personal experiences into forms of expression;
  • is able to make his or her own contribution within the group;
 
VISUAL ARTS (3.8)
  • discusses, plans and shares resources with others in producing a collective artwork or presentation to promote nation building in South Africa;
 
MUSIC (3.6 – 3.7)
  • sings and/or plays South African songs from various cultures with appropriate rhythm, tempo and dynamics;
  • creates suitable melodic or non-melodic accompaniment for any South African folk song, anthem or melody;

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