Skip to content Skip to navigation

OpenStax_CNX

You are here: Home » Content » Read a text

Navigation

Lenses

What is a lens?

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

This content is ...

In these lenses

  • GETSenPhaseLang display tagshide tags

    This module is included inLens: Siyavula: Languages (Gr. 7-9)
    By: Siyavula

    Review Status: In Review

    Click the "GETSenPhaseLang" link to see all content selected in this lens.

    Click the tag icon tag icon to display tags associated with this content.

Recently Viewed

This feature requires Javascript to be enabled.

Tags

(What is a tag?)

These tags come from the endorsement, affiliation, and other lenses that include this content.
 

Read a text

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

ENGLISH FIRST ADDITIONAL LANGUAGE

Grade 7

Module 15

READ A TEXT

Activity 1

Some words in English sound the same, but are spelled differently and their meanings obviously differ, e.g. meet/meat. Such words are called HOMOPHONES (homo=the same; phone=sound).

1. Next to each number you will see two words that sound the same. One of each pair has been taken from the text. The other one is its homophone. Note how they are used in the sentences printed here.

(a) idol / idle

  • David Beckham is my idol because I think he is a fantastic soccer player.
  • My mother hates it when I am idle. She wants to see me busy all the time.

(b) feet / feat

  • I have walked 20 km today, so my feet are very tired.
  • It is quite a feat to shoot five goals in one soccer match.

(c) role / roll

  • When we have a concert I want to have the role of Elvis.
  • Please roll the ball towards me so that I can practise kicking it.

(d) key / quay

  • I can’t unlock the door if I don’t have the key.
  • The yacht was moored to the quay.

(e) weekly / weakly

  • This is a weekly magazine; it appears each Friday.
  • The man could only mumble weakly that he had been shot, because he had already lost a lot of blood.

Make your own sentence with each of the words that have been printed in bold type.

Table 1
LO 6.7   LO 6.8  

Activity 2

2. Try to find another five pairs of homophones and write them here, and then make a sentence containing each word as above.

Table 2
LO 4.4  

Of course, idols are not found in the world of film and music only. Many sports personalities are idols, and even politicians have become idols and icons. We need only think of someone like Nelson Mandela who is a universal symbol of freedom. You will probably all agree that Mr Mandela, or Madiba, as he is affectionately called, is an icon, as he is revered by people all over the world. He has grown to be much more than an idol.

Who are your idols in the sporting community? Surely we know about South African stars such as Allan “White Lightning” Donald, Shaun Pollock, Makhaya Ntini and the all-rounder, Nicky Bojé, to name but a few.

These cricketers work very hard to gain their status as idols! A lot of hard work and many preparations go into a test or tournament. One of the things that have to be prepared, is the cricket pitch.

The condition of the pitch is tremendously important, and before a match it must be inspected to make sure that it is in perfect order. A past English captain, Sir Leonard Hutton, once said: “ A cricket pitch is like a woman. One never knows how it is going to change with time.”

For one-day matches the pitch is usually cropped (the grass is cut to the ground) and rolled very hard to give the batsmen the best advantage. In longer tests some grass will be left on the pitch to give the fast bowlers the best advantage. A pitch normally deteriorates by the fourth or fifth day and then the spin bowlers use these conditions to make the ball spin sharply on the eroded spots.

Look at the following sketch of a cricket pitch, and insert the words or figures printed on the next page in the appropriate places so that the information about the pitch is correct. You will probably need to do some research. You may consult books on cricket, or ask your physical education teacher/coach.

Read the following passage carefully and follow the instructions related to it:

“AMACAL’EGUSHA”

In the remote rural areas of the Eastern Cape a traditional cricket tournament has been played every year for the past eighty years or more. It is called the “Amacal’egusha”, or the “half-sheep tournament” by the Xhosa people who participate, because the prize is a sheep or half a sheep. The fact that there are no proper facilities does not put them off and they are as enthusiastic about the game as any player in a city would be, if not more so. It is not unusual to see young men, “white-washed” in clay, just after having left their initiation schools, amongst the spectators. Many youngsters find themselves the best “seats” in the tall thorn trees around the field. Some enthusiasts bring their own seats along, but they would never miss the game. This just proves that cricket is certainly not only a game for rich white city dwellers, as some people might think. After all, this is where stars like Makhaya Ntini and Monde Zondeki come from.

Source: BY, Die Burger, 11 January 2003

1. Try to get someone who speaks Xhosa well to teach you how to pronounce “Amacal’egusha” properly. Pay attention to the way in which the “c” is pronounced. It might also be a good time to learn about some of the other “clicks”, such as the x and q as well.

2. Do you know where the “remote rural areas” of the Eastern Cape are?

(a) Draw a map of South Africa, indicating the Eastern Cape.

(b) Indicate the Great Fish River and the Kei River.

(c) Do some research on the Wild Coast. You will discover that it is a tourist haven because of the beautiful beaches and good fishing. Indicate two favourite tourist spots on the Wild Coast. Write their names on the map, and mark each one with a T.

(d) This coastline is called the “Wild Coast” because of the dangerous coastline and the stormy seas that sometimes occur. Find out about at least ONE famous shipwreck that occurred along this coastline and write its name:

(e) What do you think are the problems faced by schools and their learners in this remote part of our country? Name at least two.

Table 3
LO 3.8   LO 5.1   LO 5.2   LO 5.3  

Read the passage attentively.

“STREET CRICKET”

Paul “Gogga” Adams remembers how he learnt cricket in the dusty Cape township streets. Many players, such as Roger Telemachus, Henry Williams and Justin Ontong started their careers by playing street cricket on the Cape Flats. It was quite simple: all one needed was a rubbish bin, a bright plastic crate or a pile of bricks as wickets, a bat or even a sturdy plank, a tennis ball and a few enthusiastic boys from the neighbourhood. Many window panes were broken as the players hit sixes!

LABELLING

Have you ever heard people saying something like the following?

  • “Cricket is only for rich English whiteys!”
  • You’re a sissie if you don’t play rugby!”
  • “Oh, only blacks play soccer!”
  • “He doesn’t play sport; he only plays the piano… He can’t be a real man!”

We call this stereotyping. We label people by putting them in a certain category and then we describe them using a preconceived idea. We simply create a fixed picture of a person and then label him/her without considering the individual and his/her circumstances. This is a hurtful human habit and we should try to avoid doing it. Psychologists say we do this as a form of protecting ourselves, because we feel uncertain and threatened when someone is different from the crowd. We feel more powerful and more secure in our own little group when we are able to put people into “boxes”. It is, however, an unfair and harmful practice to label people.

It is far more important to be ourselves and to develop our own identity than to try to fit into the crowd all the time. After all, variety is the spice of life, and it would be very boring if we were all alike, wouldn’t it?

We should all try to improve our values by having more empathy and tolerance towards others.

To have empathy means to put oneself into someone else’s shoes and to understand the way he/she thinks and feels. To be tolerant means to allow people to have their own beliefs, opinions and ways of doing things. It isn’t wrong to be different; it merely makes the world a more interesting place.

Activity 3

DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

Select a group of about five or six learners. Each learner must dress up as a “typical” character, e.g. a metal head, a nerd, a big tough rugby player, an artist, a rapper, a musician, etc., but he/she must remember that appearances can be deceptive. The rest of the class must stereotype or label each one of these characters in writing, according to the “norm”. Then form groups of about five, and hold a discussion about what you have written, and decide whether your labelling of these people was fair. You may ask the characters to tell you something about themselves, so that you can discover that they are not altogether what they appear to be.

Table 4
LO 2.2  

Activity 4

1. Read the passage below loudly, paying special attention to stress and intonation.

FROM URCHIN TO SPORTS STAR

Three years ago Bongani Magali (13) was abandoned and had to scavenge for food in a pigsty. He had nowhere to go, and nobody to turn to for help. Then, on Easter Monday 2000 the five-year-old Grant Moore asked his father, a farmer in Philippi, if the boy with whom he had played at the pigsty could spend the weekend with them. Since then he has been part of the Moore family. The five Moore children regard him as their “Ouboet”.

The Moores have a riding school and shortly after his arrival on the farm, Bongani asked whether he could ride one of the horses. Within a short time, it was clear that he was a talented rider, and today he is an excellent horseman, with many trophies to prove it. “In all the local competitions in which he competed he came third twice, and he won all the others,” says Mr Moore proudly.

Bongani is now a grade 6 learner at the Groote Schuur Primary School, and he excels in rugby, swimming and high-jump. He was also selected as a member of the WP Craven week rugby team. He says the Springbok wing, Breyton Paulse, is his hero.

According to his headmaster, Mr Anton Meyer, he is a born leader. His fellow learners are mad about him. Mr Meyer believes that he will go far in sport if he continues to make the most of every opportunity, as he has done so far.

Who would have thought that a poor, hungry, abandoned urchin from the Cape Flats would be such a star? Who knows, he might be an idol one day!

Source: Die Burger, 7 January 2003

2. Record the following words and their meanings in your personal dictionary and use each of the original words in a sentence of your own. Your educator will check to see whether you have used it correctly.

Table 5
(a) abandon (verb) dump / throw away
(b) scavenge (verb) hunt / search
(c) global worldwide
(d) urchin stray / orphan / homeless child
(e) deceptive misleading
(f) debut first
(g) revered respected / honoured
(h) remote far-off / out-of-the-way / distant
(i) gifted talented
(j) era time / period
Table 6
LO 2.3   LO 3.6  
LO 4.4   LO 6.8  

Activity 5

READING

Read a book of your own choice, and write a very short report / comment on it.

Table 7
LO 4.4   LO 3.7  

Recommended reading: Madiba Magic: Nelson Mandela’s favourite stories for children (Tafelberg, R154)

This is a beautifully illustrated book of African stories (about the San, Khoi, Cape Malay and Cape Dutch cultures, amongst others) that have been passed down from generation to generation. They are often about cunning tricksters, magic spells and even a cannibal or two. Why not try to get hold of it for some entertaining reading?

Source: Sunday Times, 12 January 2003

AND FINALLY, JUST FOR FUN:

  • Ask your teacher if you can have a Sixties party, and play some Elvis songs. Learn the jive or the bop. Dress up like real Sixties characters.
  • Then Watch a real Elvis video from the sixties like “Jailhouse Rock”!!

PS: Do you know the meaning of “aka” (see very first text)?It means “also known as”.

Assessment

Table 8
Learning Outcomes(LOs)
 
LO 2
SPEAKINGThe speaker is able to communicate effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
 
We know this when the learner:
2.1 translates;
2.2 interacts in additional language;
2.3 shows developing ability to use features of spoken language to communicate: word stress, weak vowels, intonation and rhythm;
2.5 demonstrates critical awareness of own language use.
LO 3
READING AND VIEWINGThe learner is able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.
We know this when the learner:
3.1 reads a text (fiction or non-fiction);
3.2 understands in a simple way some elements of poetry (e.g. simile, rhyme, alliteration, personification), and understands some of the terms used to describe these elements (e.g. personification);
3.4 reads for information;
3.6 uses reading strategies;
3.7 reads for pleasure;
3.8 shows some understanding of how reference books work.
LO 4
WRITINGThe learner is able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.
We know this when the learner:
4.4 writes creatively;
4.5 designs media texts;
4.6 treats writing as a process.
LO 5
THINKING AND REASONINGThe learner is able to use language to think and reason, and access, process and use information for learning.
We know this when the learner:
5.1 uses language and literacy across the curriculum;
5.2 uses language for thinking;
5.3 collects and records information in different ways.
LO 6
LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USEThe learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language and interpret texts.
We know this when the learner:
6.7 uses some language to talk about language (meta-language – terms such as verb, noun, adverb, adjective);
6.8 expands vocabulary (e.g. by working with word families: happy, unhappy, happiness, unhappiness, happily).

Content actions

Download module as:

PDF | EPUB (?)

What is an EPUB file?

EPUB is an electronic book format that can be read on a variety of mobile devices.

Downloading to a reading device

For detailed instructions on how to download this content's EPUB to your specific device, click the "(?)" link.

| More downloads ...

Add module to:

My Favorites (?)

'My Favorites' is a special kind of lens which you can use to bookmark modules and collections. 'My Favorites' can only be seen by you, and collections saved in 'My Favorites' can remember the last module you were on. You need an account to use 'My Favorites'.

| A lens I own (?)

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

| External bookmarks