Skip to content Skip to navigation

OpenStax-CNX

You are here: Home » Content » Development of an artist

Navigation

Lenses

What is a lens?

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

This content is ...

In these lenses

  • GETSenPhaseAC display tagshide tags

    This module is included inLens: Siyavula: Arts & Culture (Gr. 7-9)
    By: Siyavula

    Review Status: In Review

    Click the "GETSenPhaseAC" link to see all content selected in this lens.

    Click the tag icon tag icon to display tags associated with this content.

Recently Viewed

This feature requires Javascript to be enabled.

Tags

(What is a tag?)

These tags come from the endorsement, affiliation, and other lenses that include this content.
 

Development of an artist

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

ARTS AND CULTURE

Grade 9

CRITICAL AND CREATIVE REFLECTION

Module 10

DEVELOPMENT OF AN ARTIST

VISUAL ART

Activity 1:

To research how influences and circumstances shape the development of an artist

[LO 2.7, 2.11]

Step 1

Before you start your research, your educator will discuss the life and work of the international artist, David Hockney, with you. You will be taking a closer look at the following aspects (record the answers in your journal):

  • BACKGROUND OF THE ARTIST
  • Where and when was the artist born?
  • What were the artist's interests and hobbies as a child?
  • Did the artist receive formal art training? If so, where?

    • INFLUENCES ON THE ARTIST
  • THE FIFTIES
    • Which styles of art and other artists initially had an influence on the artist?
    • What was the trend in art during those years?
    • What did the artist's work look like initially?
    • Did any historical art event take place? Explain.
  • THE SIXTIES
    • Did any personal experiences or events during this period have an influence on the artist? If so, explain.
    • Can any personal characteristics or elements be recognised in the work of the artist? If so, mention them.
    • Describe the style of the artist at this stage.
    • Name any one or more examples of other artforms, like music, which influenced the artist.
    • Which media did the artist use at this stage?

THE SEVENTIES

  • Did the progress of fashions and technology influence the artist? If so, explain.
  • With which themes did the artist work at in the 70’s?
  • Did the artist use the same media as before? If not, explain.
  • Name any historical event which influenced the work of the artist.
  • How did the artist's interests as a child influence his work later on?

  • EXAMPLES OF THE WORK OF THE ARTIST

Study a few examples of the artist's works and explain how circumstances and influences during the years can be seen in his work.

Remember to look at the year in which the work of art was created and then compare it to the events in the life of the artist at that time.

Step 2

The educator will now provide you with a list of artists. Choose the artist whom you would like to research. Use the same format as above to give you direction. Do the task / project in your learner journal. Remember to make a bibliography of all the resources which you used. This is done alphabetically at the end of your project.

Reflection

Think about and reflect on the research process and then answer the following questions:

1. Which resources and reference works were the most valuable to you during your research?

2. Was the information which you found accurate and comprehensive? Why? Why not?

3. Did this approach help you to understand the influences on the artist’s work better? Why? Why not?

Assessment

Learning Outcome(LOs)

LO 2

REFLECTION

The learner will be able to reflect critically and creatively on artistic and cultural processes, product and styles in past and present contexts.

Assessment Standards(ASe)

We know this when the learner:

COMPOSITE

2.3 analyses how cultures affect one another and undergo change;

2.4 discusses the role of technology over time in shaping processes and products in drama, dance, music and art;

2.5 discusses and interprets concepts of power, control and dominance in mass media and popular culture;

DANCE

2.7 reflects on and compares how social dances reflect their time;

DRAMA

2.8 analyses the positive and negative effects of television, radio, documentaries or films on our lives;

2.9 writes a review of a local or other drama production, referring to conventions of staging and elements of drama;

MUSIC

2.10 analyses how music is used in songs, rituals, public events, films, opera or advertisements to evoke response;

VISUAL ART

2.11 investigates and explains the influences and circumstances shaping the development of a South African, African or international artist, past or present.

Memorandum

Activity 1

Requirements: Learner journal / Examples of selected artists / Art books to

use as reference for research (be prepared).

In Modules 1 and 2, design for packaging and sub-cultures were studied. In Module 3, we shall go back even further in history to the 50's, 60's and 70's. (Bear in mind the research of Module 1 - Dance.) The influences on and the circumstances, personal and historic, surrounding a specific artist's work will be scrutinised.

The availability of information and references will determine which artist is selected. There is a choice of South African, African or an international artist. If sources or information are difficult to find, contact EDULIS at (021) 948-7504 for help. The postal

address is Private Bag X9099, Cape Town 8000. They have a large variety of art books, videos and discs which are available on loan. Registration is free.

Remember, your choice of artist must interest the learners. You could suggest a variety of artists and allow the learners to choose which one they wish to research. Bear in mind that the artist must have lived and worked in the 50's, 60's or 70's.

STEP 1

  • To serve as an example for the educator, the international artist, David Hockney will be researched. Find examples of the work of the artist and make photostats, slides or transparencies for a discussion in class.

BACKGROUND OF THE ARTIST

David Hockney was born in l937 and grew up in the industrial village of Bradford in northern England. At the age of 11, he decided to become an artist. He made drawings for the school magazine and made posters for the debating society. In the late 50's he began studying art at The Royal College of Art in London.

INFLUENCES ON THE ARTIST

THE FIFTIES

Sees the exhibition of Abstract Impressionism (Jackson Pollock was one of the artists famous for his drip and spatter tecnique.)

Art works containing figures were regarded as anti-modern.

Hockney initially also worked abstractly, but found it too superficial.

Starts to write words / slogans in graffiti across his work for a more personal element and later adds simple figures.

Pop Art (where artists make images of popular culture in their works of art) originated in England (Richard Hamilton is the founder).

Popular magazine type images influence Hockney's work.

THE SIXTIES

Visits New York and likes the freedom of the American community.

Meets Andy Warhol (American pop artist well-known for his numerous silk screen portayals of Marilyn Monroe).

Hockney moves to Los Angeles where the local way of life and the landscape become two important elements / characteristics in his work.

His style becomes more true to nature - a simplified glance at the world.

His use of colour becomes brighter as a result of the sunny weather in California, in contrast with the dark cold weather of England.

He changes his medium of paint from oil to acrylic.

Paints much more simplistic interiors with geometric forms which strongly remind of Matisse (an artist who worked very decoratively at the beginning of the 20th century).

Images of the popular pop group, The Beatles, appear in his work.

Starts taking photos for documentation purposes.

THE SEVENTIES

Clothing/fashions start to appear in his work.

Experimenting with photography - progress of technology and especially digital images become more and more important.

Hockney still uses the same themes as before, namely landscapes, still lives, swimming pools and portraits.

Starts to create photo collages to surpass the frozen moment of traditional photography and borrows from Cubism (a form of art where all forms are portrayed as geometric, made famous especially by Picasso) to change the single perspective photo into a kaleidoscope of images.

Uses photos in layers on top of one another, like adding layers of paint.

Picasso dies and Hockney makes a series of etchings to honour his memory.

Starts designing theatre set (an interest of his since his father often took him to the theatre as a child).

Designs sets and costumes for The Magic Flute of Mozart and Tristan and Isolde of Wagner.

Designs the covers of the magazine Vogue and patterns for a manufacturer of carpets.

EXAMPLES OF HIS WORKS

The Second Tea Painting (1961)

Beverly Hills Housewife (1966)

A Bigger Splash (1967)

A Lawn being Sprinkled (1967)

Mr and Mrs Clark and Percy (1970)

Pearblossom Highway, 11 -18th April 1986#2

The information on the artist is used to identify the influences on his work using the above.

STEP 2

  • The learners must now choose the artist that they wish to research. The task / project is done in their journals. The learners must be reminded that they must compile a bibliography of their resources.

Content actions

Download module as:

Add module to:

My Favorites (?)

'My Favorites' is a special kind of lens which you can use to bookmark modules and collections. 'My Favorites' can only be seen by you, and collections saved in 'My Favorites' can remember the last module you were on. You need an account to use 'My Favorites'.

| A lens I own (?)

Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

| External bookmarks