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    This collection is included inLens: Siyavula: Social Sciences (Gr. 4-6)
    By: Siyavula

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Kaartprojeksies

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

SOSIALE WETENSKAPPE: AARDRYKSKUNDE

Graad 6

KAARTWERK

Module 4

KAARTPROJEKSIES

Kaartprojeksies

  • Die enigste akkurate manier waarop ‘n kaart van die wêreld geteken kan word, is om dit op ‘n ronde bal te doen, soos die aardbol. Dit is egter baie ongerieflik om aardbolle van verskillende groottes en vorms rond te dra; om hierdie rede het verskillende geograwe verskillende metodes aangewend om plat kaarte te maak wat redelike akkurate inligting kan verskaf. Sommige van hierdie projeksies is vernoem na diegene wat dit ontwerp het en andere ooreenkomstig die metode wat gebruik is om die projeksie te maak.

1. Die Mercator-projeksie

  • Die geograaf Gerhardus Mercator het die silindriese metode gebruik om sy projeksie te ontwerp. Hierdie projeksie kan vergelyk word met ‘n stuk deursigtige papier wat gevou is in die vorm van ‘n silinder met dieselfde grootte as ‘n aardbol en dan oor die aardbol geplaas is. Nadat die projeksie op die papier afgetrek is, word die papier plat gestryk, wat dan ‘n Mercator-projeksie vorm.

Mercator-projeksie

Figure 1
Figure 1 (Picture 3.png)

2. Kenmerke van die Mercator-projeksie

  • Die breedtelyne is reguitlyne.
  • Die lengtelyne is parallel met mekaar.
  • Die kontinente het die korrekte vorm, maar hulle is vergroot, veral by die pole.
  • Hierdie metode word veral vir navigasie gebruik, aangesien rigting baie akkuraat aangedui kan word.

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Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

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Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

| External bookmarks