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  • GETIntPhaseEMS display tagshide tags

    This module is included inLens: Siyavula: Economic and Management Sciences (Gr. 4-6)
    By: Siyavula

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Services, Production and Consumption

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

ECONOMIC AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES

Grade 4

HOW PEOPLE MAKE A LIVING

Module 4

SERVICES, PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION

Service rendering, production and consumption

  1. Public and private sectors

Organisations that provide services can be divided into two groups.

(a) The public sector

This consists of all the businesses that are supported and managed by the state. The state is mainly responsible for services such as education (schools), health (hospitals) and defence (police), but it also provides services like telecommunication (Telkom) and transport (Transnet). This sector is responsible for a large number of services daily, for which a great deal of money is needed. That is why the inhabitants of a country have to pay tax on their income and on products that they buy. The taxes are paid to the government. Talk to your parents about the share of their income that they have to pay to the state monthly or annually as income tax. Tax is also paid on most of the consumer goods that we buy (VAT).

(b) The private sector

This comprises all individuals and groups that own their own businesses, and includes hospitals, schools, shops, transport networks (SAA and taxis), protection agencies (armed response groups), etc.

Activity 1

To differentiate between the public and private sector [LO 4.3]

  1. (a) Is your school part of the public or the private sector?

  1. (a) Which of your family’s daily needs are provided for by the different sectors?
Table 1
  Private sector Public sector
  e.g. Transport e.g. Postal services
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

(c) What is tax?

List examples of kinds of transport in your own area and classify them in the table that follows:

Table 2
  Public sector Private sector
     
     
     
     
     
  1. Production and consumption

Every household consumes products. Those products have to be produced (made) by the producer. The bakery has to bake bread to provide the family with their staple food for every day. The producer has to decide on what he has to produce to meet the needs of consumers (buyers). The consumer demands particular goods and the producer supplies it – this is known as DEMAND and SUPPLY. The more we need a product, the greater the demand for it is. The demand for compact disc players is greater than the demand for old-fashioned turntables.

An entrepreneur who wants to manage a business successfully has to study the market (the needs of the consumer) very well to ensure that there really is a demand for what he or she wants to sell and that his or her product will be able to compete with similar products.

Activity 2

To apply entrepreneurial knowledge [LO 4.4]

Study the following sketch of a school market day and answer the questions:

JEWELLERY

Figure 1
Figure 1 (Front_pge.png)

  1. Which of the products in the sketch are used once only before they are done with?

  1. Which products can be used repeatedly by members of your household?

  1. Which products are obviously in demand with your family?

  1. Which products are not in great demand with your family?

  1. What product is missing from the sketch? What is needed on the market in case there is an entrepreneur who wants to fill the gap and do business quickly?

Congratulations!

You are thinking like an entrepreneur already!!

In the next two modules we will find out how you can become an entrepreneur.

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 4: MANAGERIAL, CONSUMER AND FINANCIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS

ENTREPRENEURIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS

The learner will be able to demonstrate entrepreneurial knowledge, skills and attitudes.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

  • differentiates between the entrepreneurial actions of buying, selling and producing;

4.4 participates in a fair or market day at school or in the community to practice and apply entrepreneurial knowledge and skills.

Memorandum

Page 1 and 2

Distinguish between the public and the private sector by using examples from their own environment. Give effective guidance.

Page 3 and 4

Discuss the concept of demand and supply by way of introduction. Then make deductions about the demand for certain articles on a market day.

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Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

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