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Spelling and oral descriptions

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

ENGLISH FIRST ADDITIONAL LANGUAGE

Grade 5

Module 10

SPELLING AND ORAL DESCRIPTIONS

ACTIVITY 1

TO ANALYSE WORD FORMATION

[LO 6.4.1]

I need help to spell correctly!

Sometimes you know what a word sounds like, but you cannot remember which letter it begins with and you cannot find it in the dictionary.

If this is the case, use the following “clue-list”…

Check your dictionary as you do the following exercises:

  1. (a) These words begin with an f sound. Add f or ph to spell each word correctly:

…..actory …..ysical …..antom

…..otograph …..eather …..ist

  1. (a) These words begin with a k sound. Add c, k or ch to spell each word correctly:

…..itten …..arrot …..emical

…..orus …..udu ……..ough

  1. (a) These words begin with an n sound. Add n, kn, gn , or pn to spell each word correctly:

…..ome …..it …..ight (2)

…..eumonia …..ock …..ature

  1. (a) These words begin with an s sound. Add s, c, ps or sc to spell these words correctly:

….ingle ….ircle ….alm

….ene ….ented ….imple

  1. (a) These words begin with a sh sound. Add sh, ch and su to spell each word correctly:

….oulder ….ef ….gar

….iffon ….elter ….ovel

  1. (a) These words begin with an r sound. Add r, wr, and rh to spell each word correctly:

….iggle ….inkle ….yme

….inoceros ….ist ….eward

  1. (a) These words begin with a j sound. Add j or g to spell each word correctly:

….azz ….udge ….iraffe

….em (jewel) ….acket

  1. (a) These words begin with a g sound. Add g, gu or gh to spell each word correctly:

….aze ….ess ….etto (slums)

….ost ….ide ….lamour

  1. (a) These words begin with a z sound. Add z or x to spell each word correctly:

….ero ….innia (flower) ….ylophone ….ulu

ACTIVITY 2

TO UNDERSTAND ORAL DESCRIPTIONS OF PEOPLE [LO 1.3.1]

TO NOTE RELEVANT INFORMATION [LO 1.3.3]

Listen very carefully to the article read to you by the educator. On the first reading, try to work out what it is about. On the second reading, pick up as many details as you can.

Now indicate whether the next statements are true or false.

Table 1
  1. Victor and Gabriel are known as the Wolf Boys.
T F
  1. The brothers and their family lived in Spain.
T F
  1. The boys are covered in a thick animal–like fur.
T F
  1. They refused to go to school because they were naughty.
T F
  1. Robert Campa was the teacher who was hired to continue their schooling.
T F
  1. The boys were trained to juggle and sing.
T F
  1. Gabriel and Victor send money home to their family.
T F
  1. The girls adore the Wolf Boys and give them compliments.
T F
  1. Some children’s rights organisations want freak shows using children, to stop.
T F
  1. Circus acts using animals are still illegal.
T F

Assessment

LO 1

LISTENINGThe learner will be able to listen for information and enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wide range of situations.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 understands stories (told or read to learners):

1.1.3 notes relevant information;

1.1.4 discusses ethial, social and critical issues (e.g. “Is the moral of the story right in all circumstances?), codestwitching if necessary;

1.3 understands oral descriptions:

1.3.1 identifies people, objects or places;

1.3.3 notes relevant information.

LO 6

LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USEThe learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.

We know this when the learner:

6.4 develops own vocabulary:

6.4.1 analyses word formation (e.g. drum, drummer);

6.4.3 understands between 3 000 and 4 500 common spoken words in context by the end of grade 5.

Memorandum

ACTIVITY 1

Spend time with the learners when doing this task. It is important that they make the connection between the given clue (eg. ‘ph’) and the sound (eg. ‘f’).

Keep in mind that the learners will need to check their answers, using the dictionary.

Do not attempt to do all the sub-sections (a – i) in one lesson. Rather spend 20 – 30 minutes every second day, completing 2 sub-sections at a time. Allow them to write the meanings of the difficult/challenging words down on the page.

Answers :

Table 2
(a) factoryphotograph physicalfeather phantomfist
(b) kittenchorus carrotkudu chemicalcough
(c) gnomepneumonia knitknock knight/nightnature
(d) single scene circlescented psalmsimple
(e) shoulder chiffon chefshelter sugarshovel
(f) wriggle rhinoceros wrinklewrist rhymereward
(g) jazz gem judgejacket giraffe
(h) gaze ghost guessguide ghettoglamour
(i) zero xinnia xylophonezulu

ACTIVITY 2

Read the following extract to the learners, slowly and clearly the first time; less slowly the second time.

Ensure that the learners understand what to do when answering on the given answer sheet.

This is a very simple piece of reading and the T / F questions that follow are designed to test how well they have listened to detail.

Once the educator has checked the answers (the learners can mark their own answer sheets, under the guidance of the educator), read the extract once more. This enables the learners to realize where they went wrong.

The Checklist has been provided so that the learners can analyse their performance in a more personal way.

Once they were FREAKS, today the girls adore them!

Victor and Gabriel Gomez, known worldwide as the Wolf Boys, have become heroes since joining the circus.

People used to avoid them and they were called ‘freaks’, but now they are even more popular than the musclemen in the show.

These Mexican brothers suffer from a rare and incurable disease called hypertrichosis or “werewolf syndrome.” This means that thick, dark animal-like hair covers their faces, neck and arms from a very young age.

The townsfolk were certain that they were cursed. The brothers were stared at and teased in their home town and they became so unhappy that they refused to go to school, preferring to stay at home.

But this all changed when the circus came to town and their grandmother insisted they join. Robert Campa, the manager, trained the very intelligent boys to be trapeze artists, jugglers and acrobats and he hired a teacher so that they could continue with their education.

“I am so happy,” says Gabriel, “I earn a good salary, I have learnt and seen interesting things and I have self-respect. We can afford to send our family money.”

Instead of hurtful comments and insults, the boys are admired and receive many compliments, especially from their female admirers.

Victor (13) says his life changed into a fairy-tale with a happy ending, since joining the circus. “People still call us the Wolf Boys, but they do it with love,“ he says.

British children’s rights organisations have condemned using children in freak shows. They have insisted that the practice end, pointing out that even animal acts have been banned in circuses.

Victor and Gabriel do not agree and hope to continue with their profession.

(Adapted from the You magazine, 9 Nov. 1995)

Answers to the questions (listening skill)

Table 3
1. Victor and Gabriel are known as the Wolf Boys. T  
  1. The brothers and their family lived in Spain.
  F
  1. The boys are covered in a thick animal–like fur.
T  
  1. They refused to go to school because they were naughty.
T  
  1. Robert Campa was the teacher who was hired to continue their schooling.
  F
  1. The boys were trained to juggle and sing.
  F
  1. Gabriel and Victor send money home to their family.
T  
  1. The girls adore the Wolf Boys and give them compliments.
T  
  1. Some children’s rights organisations want freak shows using children, to stop.
T  
  1. Circus acts using animals are still illegal.
T  

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