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ENGLISH HOME LANGUAGE

Grade 4

FEARS AND PHOBIAS

Module 9

SHARKS!

Ann drew these six sharks for a class project on scary things in the sea. She wrote a description of each, but forgot to number them.

“Now I don’t know which is which,” she said.

Figure 1
Figure 1 (graphics1.png)

Hammerhead shark. Up to 4 metres long. It is slate-grey in colour. It has a wide flattened body and an oddly-shaped hammerhead with eyes on the head and mouth underneath. It has pointed, very fine saw-like teeth.

Blue shark. Length - up to 5 metres. Its back is blue-black, getting lighter in colour, with grey-white underbelly. It has a very slim, streamlined body and long pointed snout.

Man-eater shark. Length from 3 to 6 metres (also up to 12m). Its colour is dark grey-brown to slate blue along back, dirty white underneath. The powerful rounded body has a blunt snout. It has long gill slits. Its teeth are large and triangular with saw-like edges. This shark is very dangerous to man.

Thresher shark. Up to 3 metres long. It is dark blue to light greyish-blue in colour. The body is slender with a blunt snout. It has a very long upper tail (almost half its body length). It uses this long tail to herd shoals of sardines, mackerel and herrings.

Smooth hound. Up to 2 metres long. Its colour is grey to grey-brown, lighter underneath. It has white spots on its back and slender body. Its snout is long and blunt.

Grey shark. From 1 to 2 metres long (sometimes up to 6 m). It is grey in colour, lighter underneath. It has a long upper tail, and only one dorsal (back) fin. It has six gill slits. This shark usually lives in deep waters.

Activity 1

To scan for details and follow descriptions [LO 3.10.2, 3.10.3]

  1. Write down the names of all the sharks that Ann drew and then read her description of each one. Decide which label goes with which picture and put the right number by each name.

Activity 2

To identify main and supporting ideas [LO 3.10.1]

  1. Answer these questions about the sharks in full sentences.
  • What does the Thresher shark do with its tail?

  • Which shark do you think looks strangest?

  • Which shark is the most dangerous to man?

  • What does a shark use its gills for?

Do you know any more about sharks? See if your group can find more facts and stories about them.

BECOME FEARLESS

Would you believe it that some people have a FEAR OF WORDS? It is called VERBOPHOBIA. I would like to ensure that you never suffer from this phobia. Here are some exercises to show you that words can be FUN.

LITTLE MISS MUFFET

Little miss Muffet

Sat on her tuffet

Eating her curds and whey.

There came a big spider

And sat down beside her

And frightened Miss Muffet away!

MODERN MISS MUFFET

Remains on her tuffet

And hasn’t been frightened away.

The spider, downhearted

And dizzy, departed

Repelled by her pressurised spray.

Figure 2
Figure 2 (graphics2.png)

Isn’t that clever? You can do it too. You need to notice two tricks:

  1. Rhyme: The poet uses the same rhyming pattern as the original poem. Lines 1 and 2 rhyme; lines 4 and 5 rhyme; lines 3 and 6 rhyme.
  2. Rhythm: You can clap the rhythm and see that it is the same in both poems.

Now you try these two tricks on a well-known nursery rhyme. Use “Three Blind Mice” or “Mary Had a Little Lamb” and see what fun version you can create.

MORE FEARLESS FUN WITH WORDS

  • Let me introduce you to PALINDROMES. These are words or sentences that read the same backwards as forwards. Take a look.
Figure 3
Figure 3 (graphics3.png)

Figure 4
Figure 4 (graphics4.png)
Neil, an alien

Figure 5
Figure 5 (graphics5.png)
Figure 6
Figure 6 (graphics6.png)

Party trap

Activity 3

To learn about palindromes [LO 4.4.1]

  • Use the clues to find the correct palindromes. Learn to spell them.
Figure 7
Figure 7 (graphics7.png)

Figure 8
Figure 8 (graphics8.png)
Figure 9
Figure 9 (graphics9.png)
Figure 10
Figure 10 (graphics10.png)

1. …………… 2. ……………… 3. …………..…… 4. ………………………...……

  1. flat and even ………………………………….
  2. midday; 12 o’clock in the day time ………………………………….
  3. worn under the chin of a baby ………………………………….
  4. another name for mother ………………………………….
  5. another name for father ………………………………….
  6. things done by people on their own ………………………………….
  7. having to do with a city or town ………………………………….
  8. something done; an action ………………………………….

Words to help you

solos noon ewe kayak civic bib level eye mom nun deed dad

This is a PALINDROME sentence and Napoleon Bonaparte wrote it when he took ill at a place called Elba. “Able was I ere I saw Elba.”

  • Try some of your own.

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 3: READING AND VIEWINGThe learner is able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

3.10 understands and responds appropriately to information texts:

3.10.1 identifies main and supporting ideas; 3.10.2 scans for specific details in texts (e.g. weather reports, bus timetables, maps);

3.10.2 scans for specific details in texts (e.g. weather reports, bus timetables, maps);

3.10.3 follows short printed instructions and directions.

LEARNING OUTCOME 4: WRITINGThe learner is able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

4.4 applies knowledge of language at various levels:

4.4.1 word level.

Memorandum

Activity 1

Hammerhead shark- 1

Man-eater shark - 3

Blue shark - 2

Thresher shark - 6

Smooth hound - 5

Grey shark - 4

Activity 2

It herds its prey (small fish, such as sardines, herrings and mackerel).

The hammerhead

The man-eater

To breathe

Activity 3

1. eye

2. nun

3. ewe

4. kayak

5. level

6. noon

7. bib

8. mom

9. dad

10. solos

11. civic

12. deed

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