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• GETIntPhaseMaths

This module is included inLens: Siyavula: Mathematics (Gr. 4-6)
By: SiyavulaAs a part of collection: "Mathematics Grade 6"

Collection Review Status: In Review

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To solve problems in context

Module by: Siyavula Uploaders. E-mail the author

Memorandum

INTRODUCTION

The learning programme for grade six consists of five modules:

1. Number concept, Addition and Subtraction

2. Multiplication and Division

3. Fractions and Decimal fractions

4. Measurement and Time

5. Geometry; Data handling and Probability

• It is important that educators complete the modules in the above sequence, as the learners will require the knowledge and skills acquired through a previous module to be able to do the work in any subsequent module.

COMMON AND DECIMAL FRACTIONS (LO 1; 2 AND 5)

LEARNING UNIT 1 FOCUSES ON COMMON FRACTIONS

• This module continues the work dealt with in grade 5. Addition and subtraction of fractions are extended and calculation of a fraction of a particular amount is revised.
• Check whether the learners know the correct terminology and are able to use the correct strategies for doing the above correctly.
• Critical outcome 5 (Communicating effectively by using visual, symbolic and /or language skills in a variety of ways) is addressed.
• It should be possible to work through the module in 3 weeks.
• ** Activity 17 is designed as a portfolio task. It is a very simple task, but learners should do it neatly and accurately. They must be informed in advance of how the educator will be assessing the work.

LEARNING UNIT 2 FOCUSES ON DECIMAL FRACTIONS

• This module extends the work that was done in grade 5. Learners should be able to do rounding of decimal fractions to the nearest tenth, hundredth and thousandth. Emphasise the use of the correct method (vertical) for addition and subtraction. Also spend sufficient time on the multiplication and division of decimal fractions.
• As learners usually have difficulty with the latter, you could allow 3 to 4 weeks for this section of the work.
• ** Activity 19 is a task for the portfolio. The assignment is fairly simple, but learners should complete it neatly and accurately. They must be informed in advance of how the educator will be assessing the work.
• 5 2+342+34 size 12{ { { size 8{2+3} } over { size 8{4} } } } {} = 5 5454 size 12{ { { size 8{5} } over { size 8{4} } } } {} = 1 1414 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{4} } } } {}

1.2 1 5858 size 12{ { { size 8{5} } over { size 8{8} } } } {} + 2 2323 size 12{ { { size 8{2} } over { size 8{3} } } } {}

3 15+162415+1624 size 12{ { { size 8{"15"+"16"} } over { size 8{"24"} } } } {} = 3 31243124 size 12{ { { size 8{"31"} } over { size 8{"24"} } } } {} = 4 7878 size 12{ { { size 8{7} } over { size 8{8} } } } {}

1.3 3 1414 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{4} } } } {} + 2 1515 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{5} } } } {}

5 5+4205+420 size 12{ { { size 8{5+4} } over { size 8{"20"} } } } {} = 5 920920 size 12{ { { size 8{9} } over { size 8{"20"} } } } {}

2.

• 4 1212 size 12{ { { size 8{1} } over { size 8{2} } } } {}
• 5 19201920 size 12{ { { size 8{"19"} } over { size 8{"20"} } } } {}

2.3 5 10211021 size 12{ { { size 8{"10"} } over { size 8{"21"} } } } {}

BRAIN TEASER!

1 + 1212 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {} = 11212 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {}

1 + 1212 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {} + 1414 size 12{ { {1} over {4} } } {} = 1 size 12{ { size 8{3} } wideslash { size 8{4} } } {}

1 + 1212 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {} + 1414 size 12{ { {1} over {4} } } {} + 1818 size 12{ { {1} over {8} } } {} = 1 7878 size 12{ { { size 8{7} } over { size 8{8} } } } {}

1 + 1212 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {} + 1414 size 12{ { {1} over {4} } } {} + 1818 size 12{ { {1} over {8} } } {}+116116 size 12{ { {1} over {"16"} } } {}= 1 15161516 size 12{ { { size 8{"15"} } over { size 8{"16"} } } } {}

1 + 1212 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {} + 1414 size 12{ { {1} over {4} } } {} + 1818 size 12{ { {1} over {8} } } {}+116116 size 12{ { {1} over {"16"} } } {} + 132132 size 12{ { {1} over {"32"} } } {}= 1 31323132 size 12{ { { size 8{"31"} } over { size 8{"32"} } } } {}

CLASS DISCUSSION

4 Make denominators the same

4 Find lowest common multiple

4 Make all improper fractions

4 First subtract whole numbers

Content

ACTIVITY: To solve problems in context [LO 1.6.2]

1. Pair up with a friend and work together to solve the following problem:

1.1 Mom uses 212212 size 12{2 { {1} over {2} } } {} cups of sugar in one recipe and 334334 size 12{3 { {3} over {4} } } {} cups of sugar in Altogether how many cups of sugar does she use?

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

1.2 At a birthday party, Rafiek and his friends eat one and five eighths of the ham and salami pizzas. They also eat two and two thirds of the ham and pineapple pizzas. What fraction of the pizzas did they eat altogether?

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

1.3 Rafiek and his friends also drank three and a quarter litres of Coke and two and one fifth litres of Cream Soda. What fraction of the cold drink did they drink?

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

2. Calculate the following by yourself:

2.1 25656 size 12{ { {5} over {6} } } {} + 12323 size 12{ { {2} over {3} } } {}

2.2 334334 size 12{3 { {3} over {4} } } {} + 21515 size 12{ { {1} over {5} } } {}

2.3 41717 size 12{ { {1} over {7} } } {} + 11313 size 12{ { {1} over {3} } } {}

PUZZLE THIS OUT!

• Are you able to complete the fraction pattern?

1 + = 11212 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {}

1 + 1212 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {} + 1414 size 12{ { {1} over {4} } } {} = 13434 size 12{ { {3} over {4} } } {}

1 + 1212 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {} + 1414 size 12{ { {1} over {4} } } {} + = 1

1 + 1212 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {} + 1414 size 12{ { {1} over {4} } } {} + += 1

1 + 1212 size 12{ { {1} over {2} } } {} + 1414 size 12{ { {1} over {4} } } {} + + + = 1

• Are you able to complete this magic square?
 5 2 5 2 size 12{ { {5} over {2} } } {} 3 2 4 1

CLASS DISCUSSION

• What has to be done before fractions can be subtracted from one another?

_____________________________________________________________________

What must I do when the denominators of two fractions that have to be

_____________________________________________________________________

• What is the simplest method for calculating the difference between two mixed numbers?

_____________________________________________________________________

• Which other methods can be used?

_____________________________________________________________________

REMEMBER THIS!

When fractions are used in subtraction, we only subtract the numerators. The denominator is kept as it is.

REMEMBER THIS AS WELL!

If the answer is in the form of an improper fraction, it must be converted to a mixed number.

Assessment

Learning Outcome 1: The learner will be able to recognise, describe and represent numbers and their relationships, and to count, estimate, calculate and check with competence and confidence in solving problems.

Assessment Standard 1.6: We know this when the learner solves problems in context, including contexts that may be used to build awareness of other Learning Areas, as well as human rights, social, economic and environmental issues such as:

1.6.2 measurements in Natural Sciences and Technology contexts.

Content actions

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Definition of a lens

Lenses

A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags?

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

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