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The Fourier Transform: Excercises

Module by: Carlos E. Davila. E-mail the author

Exercises

  1. Find the Fourier transform of the following signals. Sketch the graph of the Fourier transform if it is real, otherwise, sketch the magnitude and phase fo the Fourier transform:
    1. x(t)=4e-0.2tu(t)x(t)=4e-0.2tu(t)
    2. x(t)=4e0.2tu(-t)x(t)=4e0.2tu(-t)
    3. x(t)=4e-0.2(t-10)u(t-10)x(t)=4e-0.2(t-10)u(t-10)
    4. x(t)=δ(t-5)x(t)=δ(t-5)
    5. x(t)=rect(t,1)x(t)=rect(t,1)
    6. x(t)=4e-j0.2tx(t)=4e-j0.2t
    7. x(t)=cos(10πt)x(t)=cos(10πt)
    8. x(t)=6x(t)=6
    9. x(t)=cos(100t),|t|0.50,|t|>0.5x(t)=cos(100t),|t|0.50,|t|>0.5
  2. Find the convolution of the following pairs of signals:
    1. Figure 1
      Figure 1 (hw3_1.png)
    2. Figure 2
      Figure 2 (hw3_2.png)
  3. Find the output of the filter whose transfer function is
    HjΩ=2π2π+jΩHjΩ=2π2π+jΩ
    (1)
    and whose input is x(t)=u(t)x(t)=u(t). Hint, find the impulse response h(t)h(t) corresponding to H(jΩ)H(jΩ) and convolve it with the input.
  4. Show that if v(t)=Lu(t)v(t)=Lu(t), then
    v(t)dt=Lu(t)dtv(t)dt=Lu(t)dt
    (2)
    Hint: Integrate both sides of v(t)=Lu(t)v(t)=Lu(t). Then express the right hand integral as the limit of a sum (as in a calculus textbook). Then by linearity, you can exchange the sum and the L·L·.
  5. Find an expression for the convolution of x(t)=u(t)x(t)=u(t) and h(t)=sin(8t)u(t)h(t)=sin(8t)u(t)
  6. Find an expression for the convolution of x(t)=rect(t-0.5,1)x(t)=rect(t-0.5,1) and h(t)=e-tu(t)h(t)=e-tu(t).
  7. Find the Fourier transform of the periodic signal in problem 2, Chapter 2.
  8. Consider a filter having the impulse response
    h(t)=e-2tu(t)h(t)=e-2tu(t)
    (3)
    Sketch the frequency response (both magnitude and phase) of the filter and find the output of the filter when the input is x(t)=cos(10t)x(t)=cos(10t).
  9. Repeat the previous problem for the impulse response given by
    h(t)=1,0t<10,otherwiseh(t)=1,0t<10,otherwise
    (4)
  10. Suppose that two filters having impulse responses h1(t)h1(t) and h2(t)h2(t) are cascaded (i.e. connected in series). Find the impulse response of the equivalent filter assuming h1(t)=10e-10tu(t)h1(t)=10e-10tu(t) and h2(t)=5e-5tu(t)h2(t)=5e-5tu(t).
  11. Design a first-order lowpass filter having a corner frequency of 100 Hz. Use a 100kΩ100kΩ resistor. Plot both the magnitude and phase of the filter's frequency response.
  12. Design a first-order highpass filter having a corner frequency of 1000 Hz. Use a 0.01μF0.01μF capacitor. Plot both the magnitude and phase of the filter's frequency response.
  13. The following problems are associated with the circuits in Figure 3:
    Figure 3: Problem Item 24.
    Figure 3 (ch3_circ1.png)
    1. Find the frequency response of the circuit in Figure 3(a), and sketch its magnitude and phase.
    2. Find the frequency response of the circuit in Figure 3(b) and sketch its magnitude and phase.
    3. Find the frequency response of the filter in Figure 3(c), sketch its magnitude and phase and show that it is not the product of the frequency responses for problems Item 25 and Item 26.

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