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Readings for Part III—Sex, Gender, and Sexual Orientation

Module by: Ruth Dunn. E-mail the author

Summary: Minority Studies: A Brief Sociological Text is a very, very brief textbook suitable for use as a supplemental or stand-alone text in a college-level minority studies Sociology course. Any instructor who would choose to use this as a stand-alone textbook would need to supply a large amount of statistical data and other pertinent and extraneous Sociological material in order to "flesh-out" fully this course. Each module/unit of Minority Studies: A Brief Sociological Text contains the text, course objectives, a study guide, key terms and concepts, a lecture outline, assignments, and a reading list.

Minority Studies: A Brief Text: Reading List for Part III—Sex, Gender, and Sexual Orientation

An Obstacle. Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The American Journal of Nursing, Vol. 29, No. 1. (Jan., 1929), p. 59.

At What Cost a Room of Her Own? Factors Contributing to the Feminization of Poverty Among Prime-Age Women, 1939-1959. Linda Barrington; Cecilia A. Conrad. The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 54, No. 2, Papers Presented at the Fifty-Third Annual Meeting of the Economic History Association. (Jun., 1994), pp. 342-357.

Black Americans and the Feminization of Poverty: The Intervening Effects of Unemployment. Harrell R. Rodgers, Jr. Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 17, No. 4. (Jun., 1987), pp. 402-417.

Black Women in Poverty: Some Comments on Female-Headed Families. Rose M. Brewer. Signs, Vol. 13, No. 2. (Winter, 1988), pp. 331-339.

Black Women on AFDC and the Struggle for Higher Education. George Junne. Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies, Vol. 10, No. 2, Women and Worth. (1988), pp. 39-44.

Child Support Awards: Differentials and Trends by Race and Marital Status. Andrea H. Beller; John W. Graham. Demography, Vol. 23, No. 2. (May, 1986), pp. 231-245.

Child Support Payments: Evidence from Repeated Cross Sections. Andrea H. Beller; John W. Graham. The American Economic Review, Vol. 78, No. 2, Papers and Proceedings of the One-Hundredth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association. (May, 1988), pp. 81-85.

Cleaning Up/Kept down: A Historical Perspective on Racial Inequality in “Women’s Work.” Evelyn Nakano Glenn. Stanford Law Review, Vol. 43, No. 6. (Jul., 1991), pp. 1333-1356.

Economic and Labor Market Trends. Demetra Smith Nightingale; Michael Fix. The Future of Children, Vol. 14, No. 2, Children of Immigrant Families. (Summer, 2004), pp.48-59.

Estimating Earnings Poverty in 1939: A Comparison of Orshansky-Method and Price-Indexed Definitions of Poverty. Linda Barrington. The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 79, No. 3. (Aug., 1997), pp. 406-414.

Family, Race, and Poverty in the Eighties. Maxine Baca Zinn. Signs, Vol. 14, No. 4, Common Grounds and Crossroads: Race, Ethnicity, and Class in Women’s

Female Headship, Feminization of Poverty and Welfare. Mwangi S. Kimenyi; John Mukum Mbaku. Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 62, No. 1. (Jul., 1995), pp. 44-52.

Feminist Political Discourses: Radical versus Liberal Approaches to the Feminization of Poverty and Comparable Worth. Johanna Brenner. Gender and Society, Vol. 1, No. 4. (Dec., 1987), pp. 447-465.

Feminization and Juvenilization of Poverty: Trends, Relative Risks, Causes, and Consequences. Suzanne M. Bianchi. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 25. (1999), pp. 307-333.

Gender Differentials in Poverty-Mortality Well-Being. Arthur Sakamoto. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 33, No. 4. (Winter, 1990), pp. 429-445.

Gender in the Welfare State. Ann Orloff. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 22. (1996), pp. 51-78.

Getting into Poverty Without a Husband, and Getting Out, With or Without. Thomas J. Kniesner; Marjorie B. McElroy; Steven P. Wilcox. The American Economic Review, Vol. 78, No. 2, Papers and Proceedings of the One-Hundredth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association. (May, 1988), pp. 86-90.

How Home Conditions React Upon the Family. Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 14, No. 5. (Mar., 1909), pp. 592-605.

In Search of a New Economic Order: Women’s Agenda for the Next Millennium. Barbara Hopkins. Feminist Studies, Vol. 22, No. 3. (Autumn, 1996), pp. 529-536.

Lives. (Summer, 1989), pp. 856-874.

Poverty Among Women and Children: What Accounts for the Change? Laurie J. Bassi. The American Economic Review, Vol. 78, No. 2, Papers and Proceedings of the One-Hundredth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association. (May, 1988), pp. 91-95.

Putting Women and Children First; Priorities for the Future of America. Ruth Sidel. Journal of Public Health Policy, Vol. 12, No. 1. (Spring, 1991), pp. 37-49.

Racial Disparities in Income Security for a Cohort of Aging American Women. Andrea E. Willson; Melissa A. Hardy. Social Forces, Vol. 80, No. 4. (Jun., 2002), pp. 1283-1306.

Racial Equality in the United States: From Institutionalized Racism to “Respectable” Racism. Monte Piliawsky. Phylon (1960-), Vol. 45, No. 2. (2nd Qtr., 1984), pp. 135-143.

Restructured Regions and Families: The Feminization of Poverty in the U.S. John Paul Jones III; Janet E. Kodras. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 80, No. 2. (Jun., 1990), pp. 163-183.

Sex Differences in Poverty, 1950-1980. Sara S. Mc Lanahan; Annemette Sørensen; Dorothy Watson. Signs, Vol. 15, No. 1. (Autumn, 1989), pp. 102-122.

The Changing Nature of Poverty. Martha S. Hill. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 479, The Welfare State in America: Trends and Prospects. (May, 1985), pp. 31-47.

The Construction of Poverty and Homelessness in US Cities. I. Susser. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 25. (1996), pp. 411-435.

The Effectiveness of Child-Care Subsidies in Encouraging the Welfare-to-Work Transition of Low-Income Single Mothers. Jean Kimmel. The American Economic Review, Vol. 85, No. 2, Papers and Proceedings of the Hundredth and Seventh Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association Washington, DC, January 6-8, 1995. (May, 1995), pp. 271-275.

The Feminization of Poverty: Claims, Facts, and Data Needs. Alain Marcoux. Population and Development Review, Vol. 24, No. 1. (Mar., 1998), pp. 131-139.

The Gender Gap in Poverty in Modern Nations: Single Motherhood, the Market, and the State. Karen Christopher; Paula England; Timothy M. Smeeding; Katherin Ross Phillips. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 45, No. 3. (Autumn, 2002), pp. 219-242.

The Housekeeper and the Food Problem (in Food Utilization and Conservation; Food Conservation and Utilization). Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 74, The World’s Food. (Nov., 1917), pp. 123-130.

The Impact of Income Issues and Social Status on Post-Divorce Adjustment of Custodial Parents. Marjorie A. Pett; Beth Vaughan-Cole. Family Relations, Vol. 35, No. 1, The Single Parent Family. (Jan., 1986), pp. 103-111.

The Larger Aspects of the Woman’s Movement. Jane Addams. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 56, Women in Public Life. (Nov., 1914), pp. 1-8.

The Nairobi Conference: The Powerless Majority. Margaret E. Galey. PS, Vol. 19, No. 2. (Spring, 1986), pp. 255-265.

The Precarious Survival and Hard-Won Satisfactions of White Single-Parent Families. Leslie N. Richards. Family Relations, Vol. 38, No. 4. (Oct., 1989), pp. 396-403.

Time on Welfare: Why Do People Enter and Leave the System? Peter J. Leahy; Terry F. Buss; James M. Quane. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 54, No. 1. (Jan., 1995), pp. 33-46.

Trends in Women’s Economic Status. Paula England; Irene Browne. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 35, No. 1, Women in the Workplace: Toward True Integration. (Spring, 1992), pp. 17-51.

Wealth Inequality in the United States. Lisa A. Keister; Stephanie Moller. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 26. (2000), pp. 63-81.

Welfare Reform: Revolution or Retrenchment? Samuel H. Beer. Publius, Vol. 28, No. 3, Welfare Reform in the United States: A Race to the Bottom?. (Summer, 1998), pp. 9-15.

Women and Children Last: The Poverty and Marginalization of One-Parent Families. Hilary P. M. Winchester. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, Vol. 15, No. 1. (1990), pp. 70-86.

Women and the Economics of Divorce in the Contemporary United States. Terry J. Arendell. Signs, Vol. 13, No. 1, Women and the Political Process in the United States. (Autumn, 1987), pp. 121-135.

Women in Poverty: A New Global Underclass. Mayra Buvini. Foreign Policy, No. 108. (Autumn, 1997), pp. 38-53.

Women in the Labor Market and in the Family. James P. Smith; Michael Ward. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 3, No. 1. (Winter, 1989), pp. 9-23.

Women. Sarah J. Stage. American Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 1/2, Special Issue: Contemporary America. (Spring - Summer, 1983), pp. 169-190.

Women’s Poverty and Women’s Citizenship: Some Political Consequences of Economic Marginality. Barbara J. Nelson. Signs, Vol. 10, No. 2, Women and Poverty. (Winter, 1984), pp. 209-231.

Work, Welfare, and Poverty among Black Female-Headed Families. John Paul Jones, III. Economic Geography, Vol. 63, No. 1. (Jan., 1987), pp. 20-34.

Sex, Gender, and Sexual Orientation

Contradictions and Coherence in Feminist Responses to Law. Emily Jackson. Journal of Law and Society, Vol. 20, No. 4. (Winter, 1993), pp. 398-411.

Ethics in the Women’s Movement. Jean Bethke Elshtain. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 515, American Feminism: New Issues for a Mature Movement. (May, 1991), pp. 126-139.

Feminism in Psychology: Revolution or Evolution? Judith Worell. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 571, Feminist Views of the Social Sciences. (Sep., 2000), pp. 183-196.

How Media Frames Move Public Opinion: An Analysis of the Women’s Movement. Nayda Terkildsen; Frauke Schnell. Political Research Quarterly, Vol. 50, No. 4. (Dec., 1997), pp. 879-900.

A Historical Perspective on Gender. Elizabeth A. St. Pierre. The English Journal, Vol. 88, No. 3, Genderizing the Curriculum. (Jan., 1999), pp. 29-34.

A Vindication of the Rights of Women. Mary Woolstonecraft: Modern History Sourcebook: Wollstonecraft, Vindication. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/mw-vind.html. Retrieved (1 of 151) 10/9/2007 2:20:24 PM

Beyond the Difference versus Equality Policy Debate: Postsuffrage Feminism, Citizenship, and the Quest for a Feminist Welfare State. Wendy Sarvasy. Signs, Vol. 17, No. 2. (Winter, 1992), pp. 329-362.

Black Women, Sexism and Racism: Black or Antiracist Feminism? Gemma Tang Nain. Feminist Review, No. 37. (Spring, 1991), pp. 1-22.

Does the Sex of Your Children Matter? Support for Feminism among Women and Men in the United States and Canada. Rebecca L. Warner. Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 53, No. 4. (Nov., 1991), pp. 1051-1056.

Feminism 2000: One Step beyond? Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. Feminist Review, No. 64, Feminism 2000: One Step beyond?. (Spring, 2000), pp. 113-116.

Feminism and Liberalism Reconsidered: The Case of Catharine MacKinnon. Denise Schaeffer. The American Political Science Review, Vol. 95, No. 3. (Sep., 2001), pp. 699-708.

Feminism and Motherhood: An American Reading. Ann Snitow. Feminist Review, No. 40. (Spring, 1992), pp. 32-51.

Feminism and the Gender Gap—A Second Look. Elizabeth Adell Cook; Clyde Wilcox. The Journal of Politics, Vol. 53, No. 4. (Nov., 1991), pp. 1111-1122.

Feminism versus Multiculturalism. Leti Volpp. Columbia Law Review, Vol. 101, No. 5. (Jun., 2001), pp. 1181-1218.

Feminist Fairy Tales for Black and American Indian Girls: A Working-Class Vision. France Winddance Twine. Signs, Vol. 25, No. 4, Feminisms at a Millennium. (Summer, 2000), pp. 1227-1230.

Feminists or “Postfeminists”?: Young Women’s Attitudes toward Feminism and Gender Relations. Pamela Aronson. Gender and Society, Vol. 17, No. 6. (Dec., 2003), pp. 903-922.

Forging Feminist Identity in an International Movement: A Collective Identity Approach to Twentieth-Century Feminism. Leila J. Rupp; Verta Taylor. Signs, Vol. 24, No. 2. (Winter, 1999), pp. 363-386.

Form Follows Function: The Evolution of Feminist Strategies. Janet K. Boles. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 515, American Feminism: New Issues for a Mature Movement. (May, 1991), pp. 38-49.

Gender, Postmaterialism, and Feminism in Comparative Perspective. Bernadette C. Hayes; Ian McAllister; Donley T. Studlar. International Political Science Review / Revue internationale de science politique, Vol. 21, No. 4, Women, Citizenship, and Representation. Femmes, citoyenneté et représentation#. (Oct., 2000), pp. 425-439.

Gender, Social Reproduction, and Women’s Self-Organization: Considering the U.S. Welfare State. Johanna Brenner; Barbara Laslett. Gender and Society, Vol. 5, No. 3, Special Issue: Marxist Feminist Theory. (Sep., 1991), pp. 311-333.

Has Feminism Changed Science? Londa Schiebinger. Signs, Vol. 25, No. 4, Feminisms at a Millennium. (Summer, 2000), pp. 1171-1175.

“I Am Not a Feminist, but...” College Women, Feminism, and Negative Experiences. Joan K. Buschman; Silvo Lenart. Political Psychology, Vol. 17, No. 1. (Mar., 1996), pp. 59-75.

Identity Politics and the Hierarchy of Oppression: A Comment. Linda Briskin. Feminist Review, No. 35. (Summer, 1990), pp. 102-108.

International Feminism of the Future. Tani Barlow. Signs, Vol. 25, No. 4, Feminisms at a Millennium. (Summer, 2000), pp. 1099-1105.

Men and Women Really Do Think Differently | LiveScience. http://www.livescience.com/health/050120_brain_sex.html. Retrieved (1 of 4) 6/27/2007 11:24:32 AM

National Organization for Women Website. http://www.now.org/.

Queer Black Feminism: The Pleasure Principle. Laura Alexandra Harris. Feminist Review, No. 54, Contesting Feminine Orthodoxies. (Autumn, 1996), pp. 3-30.

Race, Gender Role Attitudes and Support for Feminism. Clyde Wilcox. The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 43, No. 1. (Mar., 1990), pp. 113-121.

Reassessing the Feminist Theoretical Project in Law. Joanne Conaghan. Journal of Law and Society, Vol. 27, No. 3. (Sep., 2000), pp. 351-385.

The Attitudinal Structure of African American Women Party Activists: The Impact of Race, Gender, and Religion. Rosalee A. Clawson; John A. Clark. Political Research Quarterly, Vol. 56, No. 2. (Jun., 2003), pp. 211-221.

The Coming of Age of Feminist Sociology: Some Issues of Practice and Theory for the Next Twenty Years. Sasha Roseneil. The British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 46, No. 2. (Jun., 1995), pp. 191-205.

Natural Governance and the Governance of Nature: The Hazards of Natural Law Feminism. Lealle Ruhl. Feminist Review, No. 66, Political Currents. (Autumn, 2000), pp. 4-24.

The Historical Evolution of Black Feminist Theory and Praxis. Ula Taylor. Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2. (Nov., 1998), pp. 234-253.

Feminism and Students of the ‘80s and ‘90s: The Lady and the Raging Bitch; Or, How Feminism Got a Bad Name. Jackie Brookner. Art Journal, Vol. 50, No. 2, Feminist Art Criticism. (Summer, 1991), pp. 11-13.

The Myth of Postfeminism. Elaine J. Hall; Marnie Salupo Rodriguez. Gender and Society, Vol. 17, No. 6. (Dec., 2003), pp. 878-902.

The Rights of Man and Woman in Post-Revolutionary America. Rosemarie Zagarri. The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., Vol. 55, No. 2. (Apr., 1998), pp. 203-230.

The Structure of Men’s and Women’s Feminist Orientations: Feminist Identity and Feminist Opinion. Laurie A. Rhodebeck. Gender and Society, Vol. 10, No. 4. (Aug., 1996), pp. 386-403.

Third Wave Black Feminism? Kimberly Springer. Signs, Vol. 27, No. 4. (Summer, 2002), pp. 1059-1082.

Response from a “Second Waver” to Kimberly Springer’s “Third Wave Black. Feminism?” Beverly Guy-Sheftall. Signs, Vol. 27, No. 4. (Summer, 2002), pp. 1091-1094.

What’s Love Got to Do with It? White Women, Black Women, and Feminism in the Movement Years. Wini Breines. Signs, Vol. 27, No. 4. (Summer, 2002), pp. 1095-1133.

Who Are Feminists and What Do They Believe? The Role of Generations. Jason Schnittker; Jeremy Freese; Brian Powell. American Sociological Review, Vol. 68, No. 4. (Aug., 2003), pp. 607-622.

Women, Differences, and Rights as Practices: An Interpretive Essay and a Proposal. Adelaide H. Villmoare. Law & Society Review, Vol. 25, No. 2, Special Issue on Gender and Sociolegal Studies. (1991), pp. 385-410.

Women’s Culture and Lesbian Feminist Activism: A Reconsideration of Cultural Feminism. Verta Taylor; Leila J. Rupp. Signs, Vol. 19, No. 1. (Autumn, 1993), pp. 32-61.

Women’s International Human Rights Law: The Way Forward. Rebecca J. Cook. Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 2. (May, 1993), pp. 230-261.

Women’s Movements and Nonviolence. Anne N. Costain. PS: Political Science and Politics, Vol. 33, No. 2. (Jun., 2000), pp. 175-180.

Women’s Movements around the World: Cross-Cultural Comparisons. Diane Rothbard Margolis. Gender and Society, Vol. 7, No. 3. (Sep., 1993), pp. 379-399.

Women’s Publics and the Search for New Democracies. Zillah Eisenstein. Feminist Review, No. 57, Citizenship: Pushing the Boundaries. (Autumn, 1997), pp. 140-167.

Women’s Rights as Human Rights: Toward a Re-Vision of Human Rights. Charlotte Bunch. Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 4. (Nov., 1990), pp. 486-498.

An Ethos of Lesbian and Gay Existence. Mark Blasius. Political Theory, Vol. 20, No. 4. (Nov., 1992), pp. 642-671.

Birth Order and Sexual Orientation in a National Probability Sample. Anthony F. Bogaert. The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 37, No. 4. (Nov., 2000), pp. 361-368.

Children of Lesbian and Gay Parents. Charlotte J. Patterson. Child Development, Vol. 63, No. 5. (Oct., 1992), pp. 1025-1042.

“Coming out” in the Age of Social Constructionism: Sexual Identity Formation among Lesbian and Bisexual Women. Paula C. Rust. Gender and Society, Vol. 7, No. 1. (Mar., 1993), pp. 50-77.

Constructing Lesbian and Gay Rights and Liberation. Morris B. Kaplan. Virginia Law Review, Vol. 79, No. 7, Symposium on Sexual Orientation and the Law. (Oct., 1993), pp. 1877-1902.

Denaturalizing and Desexualizing Lesbian and Gay Identity. Cheshire Calhoun. Virginia Law Review, Vol. 79, No. 7, Symposium on Sexual Orientation and the Law. (Oct., 1993), pp. 1859-1875.

Family Relationships of Lesbians and Gay Men. Charlotte J. Patterson. Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 62, No. 4. (Nov., 2000), pp. 1052-1069.

Gay and Lesbian Language. Don Kulick. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 29. (2000), pp. 243-285.

Gay and Lesbian Politics. Ronald J. Hunt. PS: Political Science and Politics, Vol. 25, No. 2. (Jun., 1992), pp. 220-224.

Gay but Not Queer: Toward a Post-Queer Study of Sexuality. Adam Isaiah Green. Theory and Society, Vol. 31, No. 4. (Aug., 2002), pp. 521-545.

Gay Marriage, Same-Sex Parenting, and America’s Children. William Meezan; Jonathan Rauch. The Future of Children, Vol. 15, No. 2, Marriage and Child Wellbeing. (Autumn, 2005), pp. 97-115.

GLAAD: Fair, Accurate and Inclusive Representation. Web Address: http://glaad.org/

(How) Does the Sexual Orientation of Parents Matter? Judith Stacey; Timothy J. Biblarz. American Sociological Review, Vol. 66, No. 2. (Apr., 2001), pp. 159-183.

“I Can’t Even Think Straight” “Queer” Theory and the Missing Sexual Revolution in Sociology. Arlene Stein; Ken Plummer. Sociological Theory, Vol. 12, No. 2. (Jul., 1994), pp. 178-187.

Lesbian and Gay Kinship: Kath Weston’s “Families We Choose” and Contemporary Anthropology. Ellen Lewin. Signs, Vol. 18, No. 4, Theorizing Lesbian Experience. (Summer, 1993), pp. 974-979.

Men’s and Women’s Beliefs about Gender and Sexuality. Emily W. Kane; Mimi Schippers. Gender and Society, Vol. 10, No. 5. (Oct., 1996), pp. 650-665.

National Gay and Lesbian Task Force | Building LGBT Political Power from the Ground Up. Web Address: http://www.thetaskforce.org/

Predictors of Movement toward Homosexuality: A Longitudinal Study of Bisexual Men. Joseph P. Stokes; Will Damon; David J. McKirnan. The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 34, No. 3. (1997), pp. 304-312.

Queer-Ing Sociology, Sociologizing Queer Theory: An Introduction. Steven Seidman. Sociological Theory, Vol. 12, No. 2. (Jul., 1994), pp. 166-177.

Queers, Sissies, Dykes, and Tomboys: Deconstructing the Conflation of “Sex,” “Gender,” and “Sexual Orientation” in Euro-American Law and Society. Francisco Valdes. California Law Review, Vol. 83, No. 1. (Jan., 1995), pp. 1-377.

Recognising New Kinds of Direct Sex Discrimination: Transsexualism, Sexual Orientation and Dress Codes. Robert Wintemute. The Modern Law Review, Vol. 60, No. 3. (May, 1997), pp. 334-359.

Relationship Quality in a Sample of Lesbian Couples with Children and Child-Free Lesbian Couples. Leslie Koepke; Jan Hare; Patricia B. Moran. Family Relations, Vol. 41, No. 2. (Apr., 1992), pp. 224-229.

Sex Differences in Attitudes toward Gay Men and Lesbians: A Multidimensional Perspective. Lisa LaMar; Mary Kite. The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 35, No. 2. (May, 1998), pp. 189-196.

Sex Differences in How Heterosexuals Think about Lesbians and Gay Men: Evidence from Survey Context Effects. Gregory M. Herek; John P. Capitanio. The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 36, No. 4. (Nov., 1999), pp. 348-360.

Sexual Orientation and the Politics of Biology: A Critique of the Argument from Immutability. Janet E. Halley. Stanford Law Review, Vol. 46, No. 3. (Feb., 1994), pp. 503-568.

Sex (ual Orientation) and Title VII. I. Bennett Capers. Columbia Law Review, Vol. 91, No. 5. (Jun., 1991), pp. 1158-1187.

Sexual Orientation Identities, Attractions, and Practices of Female-to-Male Transsexuals. Holly Devor. The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 30, No. 4. (Nov., 1993), pp. 303-315.

The Earnings Effects of Sexual Orientation. Dan A. Black; Hoda R. Makar; Seth G. Sanders; Lowell J. Taylor. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 56, No. 3. (Apr., 2003), pp. 449-469.

The Ethics of Genetic Research on Sexual Orientation. Udo Schüklenk; Edward Stein; Jacinta Kerin; William Byne. The Hastings Center Report, Vol. 27, No. 4. (Jul. - Aug., 1997), pp. 6-13.

The Families of Lesbians and Gay Men: A New Frontier in Family Research. Katherine R. Allen; David H. Demo. Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 57, No. 1. (Feb., 1995), pp. 111-127.

The Gender Closet: Lesbian Disappearance under the Sign “Women.” Cheshire Calhoun. Feminist Studies, Vol. 21, No. 1. (Spring, 1995), pp. 7-34.

The Individualization of Society and the Liberalization of State Policies on Same-Sex Sexual Relations, 1984-1995. David John Frank; Elizabeth H. Mceneaney. Social Forces, Vol. 77, No. 3. (Mar., 1999), pp. 911-943.

The Nexus of Sexual Orientation and Gender in the Determination of Earnings. John M. Blandford. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 56, No. 4. (Jul., 2003), pp. 622-642.

The Politics of Sexual Identity: Sexual Attraction and Behavior among Lesbian and Bisexual Women. Paula C. Rust. Social Problems, Vol. 39, No. 4. (Nov., 1992), pp. 366-386.

The Psychosexual Development of Urban Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths. Margaret Rosario; Heino F. L. Meyer-Bahlburg; Joyce Hunter; Theresa M. Exner; Marya Gwadz, Arden M. Keller. The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 33, No. 2. (1996), pp. 113-126.

The Silent Minority: Rethinking Our Commitment to Gay and Lesbian Youth. Virginia Uribe. Theory into Practice, Vol. 33, No. 3, Rethinking Middle Grades. (Summer, 1994), pp. 167-172.

The Wage Effects of Sexual Orientation Discrimination. M. V. Lee Badgett. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 48, No. 4. (Jul., 1995), pp. 726-739.

Understanding Sexual Orientation: A Plea for Clarity. Juliet Richters. Reproductive Health Matters, Vol. 6, No. 12, Sexuality. (Nov., 1998), pp. 144-149.

We Will Get What We Ask for: Why Legalizing Gay and Lesbian Marriage Will Not “Dismantle the Legal Structure of Gender in Every Marriage.” Nancy D. Polikoff. Virginia Law Review, Vol. 79, No. 7, Symposium on Sexual Orientation and the Law. (Oct., 1993), pp. 1535-1550.

From Here to Queer: Radical Feminism, Postmodernism, and the Lesbian Menace (Or, Why Can’t a Woman Be More like a Fag?) Suzanna Danuta Walters. Signs, Vol. 21, No. 4, Feminist Theory and Practice. (Summer, 1996), pp. 830-869.

“Transforming” the Debate: Why We Need to Include Transgender Rights in the Struggles for Sex and Sexual Orientation Equality. Taylor Flynn. Columbia Law Review, Vol. 101, No. 2. (Mar., 2001), pp. 392-420.

The Sources of Gender Role Attitudes among Christian and Muslim Arab-American Women. Jen’nan Ghazal Read. Sociology of Religion, Vol. 64, No. 2. (Summer, 2003), pp. 207-222.

To Veil or Not to Veil? A Case Study of Identity Negotiation among Muslim Women in Austin, Texas. Jen’Nan Ghazal Read; John P. Bartkowski. Gender and Society, Vol. 14, No. 3. (Jun., 2000), pp. 395-417.

Western Ethnocentrism and Perceptions of the Harem. Leila Ahmed. Feminist Studies, Vol. 8, No. 3. (Autumn, 1982), pp. 521-534.

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A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

What is in a lens?

Lens makers point to materials (modules and collections), creating a guide that includes their own comments and descriptive tags about the content.

Who can create a lens?

Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

What are tags? tag icon

Tags are descriptors added by lens makers to help label content, attaching a vocabulary that is meaningful in the context of the lens.

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