In going from

to

we did not specify an ROC. If we factor

Several ROCs may be possible. Each ROC corresponds to a different impulse response, so which one should we choose? In general, there is no “right” choice, however, there are some choices that make sense in practice.

In particular, if *causal*, i.e., if *outward from the outermost pole*. This can be seen in the examples up to this point. Moreover, recall
that a system is *BIBO stable* if the impulse response

Consider the unit circle

for all *any ROC containing the unit circle will be BIBO stable.*

This leads to a key question – are stability and causality always compatible? The answer is *no*. For example,
consider

and its various ROC's and corresponding inverses. If the ROC contains the unit-circle (so that the corresponding system is stable) and is not to contain any poles, then it must extend inward towards the origin, and hence it cannot be causal. Alternatively, if the ROC is to extend outward, it will not contain the unit-circle so that the corresponding system will not be BIBO stable.