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Motivation

Module by: Cathy Huang. E-mail the author

Optical blurring of an image is the result of light rays from a single object focusing at a point before or after the sensor in a camera. This physical situation can be described as a convolution of the true captured image with an optical filter: the point spread function (PSF).

i blurred image t= k PSF t* f natural image t i blurred image t k PSF t f natural image t
(1)

Given that the PSF works much like a frequency response for a spatial domain, we explore the possibility of extracting a focused image from an image that has been captured out of focus.

D=K-1I D K I
(2)

where D, K, I are the transforms of the deblurred image, the PSF, and a blurred image.

Instead of using the full circular aperture of most cameras, we place a coded mask within the lens of our camera. The mask itself is nothing more than a binary-coded transparency, but it enables us to force a particular PSF into our camera system. By recreating the mask's code in software, we can recover the PSF that is appropriate for the depth at which our image would have been focused. Once we have the appropriate PSF for a particular focus-depth (which correlates to increasing or decreasing the size of the mask in software), we use the Richardson-Lucy Deconvolution algorithm to recover a focused image.

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Definition of a lens

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A lens is a custom view of the content in the repository. You can think of it as a fancy kind of list that will let you see content through the eyes of organizations and people you trust.

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Any individual member, a community, or a respected organization.

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