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About: The Effects of Academic Redshirting and Relative Age on Student Achievement

Module by: Kelli Dougan, John Pijanowski. E-mail the authors

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Name: The Effects of Academic Redshirting and Relative Age on Student Achievement
ID: m37382
Language: English (en)
Summary: Academic redshirting is the act of keeping a child out of school for an additional year before kindergarten. This practice has become prevalent in America as kindergarten standards become more rigorous. There are few examples in the literature of research that explores the differences between children who have been academically redshirted and those who were not. Based on studies about relative age effects in the classroom, the research shows that older children have higher academic achievement than younger children in the same grade. Redshirting provides a particular child with advantages in school by deeming that child one of the oldest in their class. Since most redshirted children have birthdates just before the local cut-off date, these children would be among the youngest in their class had they not been redshirted and would likely experience the negative effects of relative age. Retention does not work to give children the same benefit as redshirting because there are negative emotional impacts on a child that affect school achievement.
Subject: Social Sciences
Keywords: academic redshirting, grade retention, kindergarten
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0

Authors: Kelli Dougan (kldougan2221@gmail.com), John Pijanowski (jpijanow@uark.edu)
Copyright Holders: Kelli Dougan (kldougan2221@gmail.com), John Pijanowski (jpijanow@uark.edu)
Maintainers: National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (tcreigh@vt.edu)

Latest version: 1.3 (history)
First publication date: Apr 3, 2011 7:20 am -0500
Last revision to module: Apr 6, 2011 10:02 am -0500

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Version History

Version: 1.3 Apr 6, 2011 10:02 am -0500 by National Council of Professors of Educational Administration
Changes:
Revised copy

Version: 1.2 Apr 5, 2011 5:29 pm -0500 by National Council of Professors of Educational Administration
Changes:
author changes...page proofs

Version: 1.1 Apr 5, 2011 8:59 am -0500 by National Council of Professors of Educational Administration
Changes:
author page proofs

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American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Dougan, K.; Pijanowski, J. The Effects of Academic Redshirting and Relative Age on Student Achievement, OpenStax_CNX Web site. http://cnx.org/content/m37382/1.3/, Apr 6, 2011.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Dougan K, Pijanowski J. The Effects of Academic Redshirting and Relative Age on Student Achievement [OpenStax_CNX Web site]. April 6, 2011. Available at: http://cnx.org/content/m37382/1.3/.

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Dougan, K., & Pijanowski, J. (2011, April 6). The Effects of Academic Redshirting and Relative Age on Student Achievement. Retrieved from the OpenStax_CNX Web site: http://cnx.org/content/m37382/1.3/

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Dougan, Kelli, and John Pijanowski. "The Effects of Academic Redshirting and Relative Age on Student Achievement." OpenStax_CNX. April 6, 2011. http://cnx.org/content/m37382/1.3/.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Kelli Dougan and John Pijanowski, "The Effects of Academic Redshirting and Relative Age on Student Achievement," OpenStax_CNX, April 6, 2011, http://cnx.org/content/m37382/1.3/.

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Dougan, K., & Pijanowski, J. 2011. The Effects of Academic Redshirting and Relative Age on Student Achievement. OpenStax_CNX, April 6, 2011. http://cnx.org/content/m37382/1.3/.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Dougan, Kelli, and John Pijanowski. The Effects of Academic Redshirting and Relative Age on Student Achievement. OpenStax_CNX. 6 Apr. 2011 <http://cnx.org/content/m37382/1.3/>.