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Module by: Ana Rojas-LeBouef, John R. Slate. E-mail the authors

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Name: The Achievement Gap between White and Non-White Students: A Conceptual Analysis
ID: m41405
Language: English (en)
Summary: In this article, we analyzed past and present research studies in which investigators examined differences in academic achievement between students who were White and non-White (i.e., specifically Hispanic or students designated as Limited English Proficient). As anticipated, the majority of the researchers whose studies were analyzed reported that White students outperformed all other groups of minority students on all standardized achievement measures, with the exception of Asian American students who outperformed White students in all academic standardized tests and at all grade levels. Concomitant with the achievement gap studies, a theoretical framework through which the achievement gap may be understood was present. Finally, implications for school personnel, monetary spending, and classrooms were provided.
Keywords: Academic achievement, Equality, Equity, Standardized assessment
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0

Authors: Ana Rojas-LeBouef (amrojs@yahoo.com), John R. Slate (profslate@aol.com)
Copyright Holders: Ana Rojas-LeBouef (amrojs@yahoo.com), John R. Slate (profslate@aol.com)
Maintainers: National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (tcreigh@vt.edu)

Latest version: 1.1 (history)
First publication date: Oct 13, 2011 12:53 pm -0500
Last revision to module: Oct 21, 2011 10:25 am -0500

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Version History

Version: 1.1 Oct 21, 2011 10:25 am -0500 by National Council of Professors of Educational Administration
Changes:
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American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Rojas-LeBouef, A.; Slate, J. The Achievement Gap between White and Non-White Students: A Conceptual Analysis, OpenStax_CNX Web site. http://cnx.org/content/m41405/1.1/, Oct 21, 2011.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Rojas-LeBouef A, Slate J. The Achievement Gap between White and Non-White Students: A Conceptual Analysis [OpenStax_CNX Web site]. October 21, 2011. Available at: http://cnx.org/content/m41405/1.1/.

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Rojas-LeBouef, A., & Slate, J. (2011, October 21). The Achievement Gap between White and Non-White Students: A Conceptual Analysis. Retrieved from the OpenStax_CNX Web site: http://cnx.org/content/m41405/1.1/

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Rojas-LeBouef, Ana, and John Slate. "The Achievement Gap between White and Non-White Students: A Conceptual Analysis." OpenStax_CNX. October 21, 2011. http://cnx.org/content/m41405/1.1/.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Ana Rojas-LeBouef and John Slate, "The Achievement Gap between White and Non-White Students: A Conceptual Analysis," OpenStax_CNX, October 21, 2011, http://cnx.org/content/m41405/1.1/.

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Rojas-LeBouef, A., & Slate, J. 2011. The Achievement Gap between White and Non-White Students: A Conceptual Analysis. OpenStax_CNX, October 21, 2011. http://cnx.org/content/m41405/1.1/.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Rojas-LeBouef, Ana, and John Slate. The Achievement Gap between White and Non-White Students: A Conceptual Analysis. OpenStax_CNX. 21 Oct. 2011 <http://cnx.org/content/m41405/1.1/>.