OpenStax CNX

Sections
You are here: Home » Content » Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints

About: Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints

Module by: OpenStax College. E-mail the author

View the content: Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints

Metadata

Name: Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints
ID: m42175
Language: English (en)
Summary:
  • Explain the forces exerted by muscles.
  • State how a bad posture causes back strain.
  • Discuss the benefits of skeletal muscles attached close to joints.
  • Discuss various complexities in the real system of muscles, bones, and joints.
Subject: Science and Technology
Keywords: Good posture, Input force, Lever arm, Mechanical advantage, Output force, Simple machine
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0

Authors: OpenStax College (info@openstaxcollege.org)
Copyright Holders: Rice University (daniel@openstaxcollege.org)
Maintainers: OpenStax College (info@openstaxcollege.org), OSC Physics Maintainer (info@openstaxcollege.org)

Latest version: 1.4 (history)
First publication date: Dec 21, 2011 1:42 pm -0600
Last revision to module: Jun 13, 2012 1:43 pm -0500

Downloads

PDF: m42175_1.4.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m42175_1.4.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 1.6 Feb 20, 2014 9:14 am -0600 by OSC Physics Maintainer
Changes:
clarified teeth problem (errata)

Version: 1.5 Sep 9, 2013 9:19 am -0500 by OSC Physics Maintainer
Changes:
fixed solutions

Version: 1.4 Jun 13, 2012 1:43 pm -0500 by OSC Physics Maintainer Currently viewing this version.
Changes:
Review Changes

Version: 1.3 Jun 6, 2012 1:06 pm -0500 by OSC Physics Maintainer
Changes:
consistency, LO, image cropping

Version: 1.2 May 9, 2012 4:25 pm -0500 by OSC Physics Maintainer
Changes:
initial content publication

Version: 1.1 Dec 28, 2011 2:59 pm -0600 by OSC Physics Maintainer
Changes:
Created module

How to Reuse and Attribute This Content

If you derive a copy of this content using a OpenStax-CNX account and publish your version, proper attribution of the original work will be automatically done for you.

If you reuse this work elsewhere, in order to comply with the attribution requirements of the license (CC-BY 3.0), you must include

  • the authors' names: OpenStax College
  • the title of the work: Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints
  • the OpenStax-CNX URL where the work can be found: http://cnx.org/content/m42175/1.4/

See the citation section below for examples you can copy.

How to Cite and Attribute This Content

The following citation styles comply with the attribution requirements for the license (CC-BY 3.0) of this work:

American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

OpenStax College. Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints, OpenStax-CNX Web site. http://cnx.org/content/m42175/1.4/, Jun 13, 2012.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

OpenStax College. Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints [OpenStax-CNX Web site]. June 13, 2012. Available at: http://cnx.org/content/m42175/1.4/.

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

OpenStax College. (2012, June 13). Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints. Retrieved from the OpenStax-CNX Web site: http://cnx.org/content/m42175/1.4/

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

OpenStax College. "Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints." OpenStax-CNX. June 13, 2012. http://cnx.org/content/m42175/1.4/.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

OpenStax College, "Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints," OpenStax-CNX, June 13, 2012, http://cnx.org/content/m42175/1.4/.

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

OpenStax College. 2012. Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints. OpenStax-CNX, June 13, 2012. http://cnx.org/content/m42175/1.4/.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

OpenStax College. Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints. OpenStax-CNX. 13 June 2012 <http://cnx.org/content/m42175/1.4/>.