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Name: Phylum Porifera
ID: m44663
Language: English (en)
Summary: By the end of this section, you will be able to:
  • Describe the organizational features of the simplest multicellular organisms
  • Explain the various body forms and bodily functions of sponges
Subject: Science and Technology
Keywords: gemmule, Invertebrata, invertebrate, mesohyl, osculum, ostia, phylum Porifera, Porifera, sclerocyte, sponge, sponge locomotion, sponge metabolism, sponge morphology, sponge reproduction, spongocoel
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0

Authors: OpenStax College (
Copyright Holders: Rice University (
Maintainers: OpenStax College (, Cnx Biology (

Latest version: 1.7 (history)
First publication date: Aug 23, 2012 2:41 pm +0000
Last revision to module: Jun 20, 2013 4:17 pm +0000


PDF: m44663_1.7.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m44663_1.7.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 1.7 Jun 20, 2013 4:17 pm +0000 by Cnx Biology

Version: 1.6 Apr 29, 2013 3:29 pm +0000 by Cnx Biology
Wiley edits

Version: 1.5 Apr 10, 2013 11:12 am +0000 by Cnx Biology
Review Questions

Version: 1.4 Apr 8, 2013 9:27 pm +0000 by Cnx Biology
review changes

Version: 1.3 Mar 5, 2013 10:43 am +0000 by Cnx Biology
fixed summary

Version: 1.2 Mar 4, 2013 4:30 pm +0000 by Cnx Biology
migration spreadsheet changes

Version: 1.1 Aug 29, 2012 3:48 pm +0000 by Cnx Biology
Created module

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