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Name: Nitrogenous Wastes
ID: m44811
Language: English (en)
Summary: By the end of this section, you will be able to:
  • Compare and contrast the way in which aquatic animals and terrestrial animals can eliminate toxic ammonia from their systems
  • Compare the major byproduct of ammonia metabolism in vertebrate animals to that of birds, insects, and reptiles
Subject: Science and Technology
Keywords: ammonia, ammonotelic, antioxidant, blood urea nitrogen, BUN, gout, nitrogenous waste, osmotic excretion, osmotic regulation, osmotic system, urea cycle, ureotelic, uric acid
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0

Authors: OpenStax College (
Copyright Holders: Rice University (
Maintainers: OpenStax College (, Cnx Biology (

Latest version: 1.4 (history)
First publication date: Aug 23, 2012 3:55 pm +0000
Last revision to module: Apr 10, 2013 3:12 pm +0000


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Version History

Version: 1.4 Apr 10, 2013 3:12 pm +0000 by Cnx Biology
Review Questions

Version: 1.3 Mar 18, 2013 4:17 pm +0000 by Cnx Biology
fixed summary

Version: 1.2 Feb 28, 2013 1:38 pm +0000 by Cnx Biology
migration spreadsheet changes

Version: 1.1 Aug 30, 2012 3:22 pm +0000 by Cnx Biology
Created module

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