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Name: XML Basics
ID: m9002
Language: English (en)
Summary: This module describes XML (eXtensible Markup Language) and the rules that govern its usage. It also explains what a well-formed and valid document is.
Subject: Science and Technology
Keywords: attribute, entity, nesting, unicode, valid, well-formed, xml
License: Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 1.0

Authors: Connexions (cnx@cnx.org), Sarah Coppin (coppin@alumni.rice.edu), Brent Hendricks (brentmh@rice.edu), Chuck Bearden (cfbearden@gmail.com)
Copyright Holders: Connexions (cnx@cnx.org), Sarah Coppin (coppin@alumni.rice.edu), Brent Hendricks (brentmh@rice.edu), Chuck Bearden (cfbearden@gmail.com)
Maintainers: Connexions (cnx@cnx.org), Brent Hendricks (brentmh@rice.edu), Chuck Bearden (cfbearden@gmail.com), Adan Galvan (agalvan@gmail.com), Charlet Reedstrom (charletr@gmail.com)

Latest version: 2.24 (history)
First publication date: May 18, 2000 12:00 am -0500
Last revision to module: Jul 10, 2009 4:21 pm -0500

Downloads

PDF: m9002_2.24.pdf PDF file, for viewing content offline and printing. Learn more.
XML: m9002_2.24.cnxml XML that defines the structure and contents of the module, minus any included media files. Can be reimported in the editing interface. Learn more.

Version History

Version: 2.24 Jul 10, 2009 4:21 pm -0500 by Kyle Barnhart
Changes:
Added note regarding entity reference support in CNXML 0.6.

Version: 2.23 May 10, 2008 10:54 am -0500 by Brent Hendricks
Changes:
Correct typo

Version: 2.22 Mar 20, 2008 3:07 pm -0500 by Chuck Bearden
Changes:
Rewrote "Entities" section as "Entity References" and "Character References"; miscellaneous other changes.

Version: 2.21 Jun 6, 2006 8:56 pm -0500 by Charlet Reedstrom
Changes:
Accepted typo dix from Matt Hutchinson

Version: 2.20 Aug 1, 2003 2:37 pm -0500 by Brent Hendricks
Changes:
- no change

Version: 2.19 Jun 3, 2003 12:00 am -0500 by Brent Hendricks
Changes:
- Fixed codeblock indenting

Version: 2.18 Jun 3, 2003 12:00 am -0500 by Charlet Reedstrom
Changes:
updated module

Version: 2.17 Feb 18, 2003 12:00 am -0600 by Brent Hendricks
Changes:
- Changed wording

Version: 2.16 Feb 18, 2003 12:00 am -0600 by Brent Hendricks
Changes:
- Removed Makefile
- Added link to XML spec

Version: 2.15 May 22, 2002 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
Edited text, corrected grammatical errors.  Checked over MathML - few minor corrections.

Version: 2.14 Mar 21, 2002 12:00 am -0600 by (Unknown)
Changes:
updated to cnxml 0.4

Version: 2.13 Aug 10, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
Added information on the root and the xml declaration.

Version: 2.12 Aug 10, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
- removed extraneous period

Version: 2.11 Aug 9, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
- some grammatical fixes

Version: 2.10 Aug 8, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
Edited. 
Added Chris and Jenn as maintainers.
Removed Ricky as a maintainer.

Version: 2.9 Jun 29, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
Added valid as a keyword.

Version: 2.8 Jun 29, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
Added a section on valid XML.  
Renamed the XML Rules section to Well-formed XML.

Version: 2.7 Jun 20, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
Small change.

Version: 2.6 Jun 18, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
Updated to 0.3.5

Version: 2.5 Jun 1, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
Edited the section on entities.

Version: 2.4 May 31, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
Added a section on entities.

Version: 2.3 May 24, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
Added abstract.

Version: 2.2 May 21, 2001 12:00 am -0500 by (Unknown)
Changes:
Corrected version.

Version: 2.1 May 18, 2000 12:00 am -0500 by Sarah Coppin
Changes:
Added maintainer.

How to Reuse and Attribute This Content

If you derive a copy of this content using a OpenStax-CNX account and publish your version, proper attribution of the original work will be automatically done for you.

If you reuse this work elsewhere, in order to comply with the attribution requirements of the license (CC-BY 1.0), you must include

  • the authors' names: Connexions, Sarah Coppin, Brent Hendricks, Charles Bearden
  • the title of the work: XML Basics
  • the OpenStax-CNX URL where the work can be found: http://cnx.org/content/m9002/2.24/

See the citation section below for examples you can copy.

How to Cite and Attribute This Content

The following citation styles comply with the attribution requirements for the license (CC-BY 1.0) of this work:

American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide:

Connexions.; Coppin, S.; Hendricks, B.; Bearden, C. XML Basics, OpenStax-CNX Web site. http://cnx.org/content/m9002/2.24/, Jul 10, 2009.

American Medical Assocation (AMA) Manual of Style:

Connexions, Coppin S, Hendricks B, Bearden C. XML Basics [OpenStax-CNX Web site]. July 10, 2009. Available at: http://cnx.org/content/m9002/2.24/.

American Psychological Assocation (APA) Publication Manual:

Connexions., Coppin, S., Hendricks, B., & Bearden, C. (2009, July 10). XML Basics. Retrieved from the OpenStax-CNX Web site: http://cnx.org/content/m9002/2.24/

Chicago Manual of Style (Bibliography):

Connexions, Sarah Coppin, Brent Hendricks, and Charles Bearden. "XML Basics." OpenStax-CNX. July 10, 2009. http://cnx.org/content/m9002/2.24/.

Chicago Manual of Style (Note):

Connexions and others, "XML Basics," OpenStax-CNX, July 10, 2009, http://cnx.org/content/m9002/2.24/.

Chicago Manual of Style (Reference, in Author-Date style):

Connexions., Coppin, S., Hendricks, B., & Bearden, C. 2009. XML Basics. OpenStax-CNX, July 10, 2009. http://cnx.org/content/m9002/2.24/.

Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style Manual:

Connexions, Sarah Coppin, Brent Hendricks, and Charles Bearden. XML Basics. OpenStax-CNX. 10 July 2009 <http://cnx.org/content/m9002/2.24/>.